Munir Arshad et Olojo Akinola (2016) « A study of violence-related deaths in Gudu, Gwadabawa and Illela local government areas of Sokoto state, and Sakaba local government area of Kebbi state (2006 – 2014) », in Violence in Nigeria: a qualitative and quantitative analysis, Leiden : African Studies Centre, p. 195-216. ISBN : 978-90-5448-149-2.
Résumé : This paper highlights the outcome of a study on fatal incidents in four local government areas (LGAs) of northwestern Nigeria: Gwadabawa, Gudu, and Ilella LGAs in Sokoto State, and Sakaba LGA in Kebbi State. Data obtained from 1,083 questionnaires (out of 1,200) reveals that, since 2006, the year 2011 had the highest number of fatalities. Between 2006 and 2014, Gudu LGA
recorded the highest number of fatalities and violent incidents, while Sakaba LGA had the lowest. For the period under review, the most frequent cause of fatal incidents was cattle grazing, followed by political clashes. Religion, which is often perceived as a major factor of conflict, contributed quite insignificantly to the overall level of violence in the four LGAs, with a few incidents involving the Yan Shi’a, the Tijaniyya Sufi brotherhood, and the Yan Izala movement. Finally, the study demonstrates that, just as in the urban centres of Sokoto and Kebbi, there are many fatal incidents in rural areas yet these are unreported. Some explanations for this omission are discussed in relation to poor road infrastructure.