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Dernières publications des membres du Ceped

2016

Livre

  • Cosio Zavala Maria E., Loenzien Myriam de et Luu Bich-Ngoc, ss la dir. de (2016) Mutations démographiques et sociales du Viêt Nam contemporain, Nanterre : Presses universitaires de Paris Ouest, 221 p. (Sciences humaines et sociales). http://books.openedition.org/pupo/4384.
    Résumé : Il y a près de trente ans, le Viêt Nam initiait sa transition vers une économie mixte avec l’adoption de la politique du Doi moi ou Renouveau. Alors que les générations précédentes avaient été marquées par la colonisation, les conflits armés et les difficultés économiques généralisées, la génération qui a aujourd’hui trente ans a grandi dans un pays qui a connu une croissance économique extraordinaire, une amélioration considérable du niveau de vie, une ouverture sur le monde, une entrée dans une économie mondialisée, une transition démographique accélérée et une insertion économique dans des réseaux régionaux et internationaux. S’ils ont été à la fois les témoins, les artisans et les bénéficiaires d’avancées remarquables, les jeunes de trente ans vivent au sein d’une société qui fait face à de nouveaux défis. C’est l’univers social, démographique et économique de cette génération charnière que décrivent et analysent les neuf chapitres de cet ouvrage. Au fil des résultats de recherches, nous prenons la mesure des succès, des questions, des défis, des incertitudes et des obstacles qui marquent aujourd’hui la société vietnamienne. Organisés autour de trois grands thèmes – structure et hétérogénéité de la population, enjeux sanitaires et sociaux et migrations, urbanisation et développement – les neuf chapitres de cet ouvrage brossent un tableau du chemin parcouru au cours des dernières décennies et rendent compte de phénomènes nouveaux ou émergents, dont certains sont encore peu étudiés.
    Mots-clés : économie, ENVIRONNEMENT, famille, genre, migration, population, santé, sexualité, TRANSITION, Vietnam, VIH.


  • Desjeux Dominique et Moati Philippe, ss la dir. de (2016) Consommations émergentes: la fin d'une société de consommation ? Le bord de l'eau, Le bord de l'eau. ISBN : 978-2-35687-441-2. http://www.argonautes.fr/2016-10/.

  • Hadj Laure (2016) Politique de développement et pauvreté en Nouvelle-Calédonie, Paris : L'Harmattan, 235 p. ISBN : 978-2-343-08647-7.


  • Larzillière Pénélope (2016) Activism in Jordan, Londres : Zed Books Ltd, 248 p. ISBN : 1-78360-574-X. https://www.amazon.fr/Activism-Jordan-Penelope-Larzilliere/dp/178360574X.
    Résumé : In Jordan, between censorship, repression and election rigging, political activism is limited –despite the democratic opening glimpsed in 1989. Pénélope Larzillière charts the path of longstanding activists in Jordan and shows how opposition movements there have shifted from the underground to a heavily controlled public sphere. Activists discuss their motivation and commitment and the consequences their activism has had throughout their lives. Not only do these accounts highlight the general conditions for political activism in a repressive regime, they also unpack the meaning individuals attach to their political journey and chosen ideology, whether communist, nationalist, Islamist or otherwise.

  • Lerner Susana, Guillaume Agnès et Melgar Lucía (2016) Realidades y falacias en torno al aborto: salud y derechos humanos, Centro de Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, El Colegio de México, Institut de recherche pour le Developpement, México : El Colegio de México, Institut de recherche pour le Developpement, 422 p. ISBN : 978-607-462-938-5.

  • Temporal Franck, Colombier Renaud, Carlier Rodolphe, Deluc Bérangère et Vaumourin Sandrine (2016) Etude de l'AFD n°9 - Prospective territoriale à Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni : quels futurs inventer face aux enjeux démographiques ?, AFD, Vol., 9, Paris : AFD, 120 p. (Etudes de l'AFD). http://librairie.afd.fr/et-9-enjeux-demographiques-guyane/.
    Résumé : Gouverner c’est prévoir, prétend l’adage. Mais si l’assertion est vraie, alors comment prévoir ? C’est l’exercice auquel a souhaité se livrer la commune de Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, deuxième ville du département de la Guyane, avec l’aide de l’Agence Française de Développement (AFD). Cette commune du bout de la France est en effet aujourd’hui confrontée, comme aucune autre, à des évolutions démographiques inédites sur notre territoire national. Comment se projeter à l’horizon 2030, quand la population de la ville a été multipliée par sept entre 1967 et 2010 et devrait l’être par trois entre 2010 et 2030 avec un taux de fécondité comparable à celui enregistré dans les pays les moins avancés (PMA) ? C’est l’avenir de Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni qui doit être repensé à l’aune de ces bouleversements humains. Santé, éducation, logement, urba¬nisme, économie : quels seront les besoins en matière de services publics pour les habitants d’ici 2030, et comment y faire face ? La présente étude prospective est une tentative de réponse à cette nécessité de prévoir pour mieux gouverner, non seulement en identifiant les besoins en infrastructures et services à long terme, mais aussi en proposant de véritables scénarios stratégiques pour la ville. Ceux-ci ont été élaborés avec les acteurs du territoire eux-mêmes (élus, fonctionnaires territoriaux et membres de la société civile), en associant certitudes et hypothèses sur l’avenir. Avec surtout la volonté de transformer les défis en atouts, sans craindre d’être utopique, mais aussi sans jamais s’affranchir du réel.
    Mots-clés : Commerce , Démographie, Développement urbain, Eau et assainissement, Education et formation, EMPLOI, ENTREPRISE, FFinancement, Institutions, GOUVERNANCE, Guyane, Innovation, Economie, Matières premières , Mutations sociales, Energie , Politiques publiques, santé, Transport.

  • Zheng Li hua, Desjeux Dominique, Boisard Anne-Sophie et Read David (2016) How the Chinese see the Europeans: essay on the perceptions and values of the Chinese, Paris : Éditions le Manuscrit, 219 p. ISBN : 978-2-304-04562-8.
    Mots-clés : China, culture, Guangzhou.
Article de revue

  • Boulay Sébastien (2016) « 'Returnees' and political poetry in Western Sahara: defamation, deterrence and mobilisation on the web and mobile phones », The Journal of North African Studies, p. 1-20. DOI : 10.1080/13629387.2016.1185942.
    Résumé : This paper explores the relationships between literature, migration and politics in Western Sahara, in a context of a four-decade decolonisation conflict. Since a few years, some Polisario Front personalities have been rallying the Moroccan ‘side’ and have aroused the production and circulation, on the web and the mobile phones, of a new kind of satirical poetry targeting these ‘ralliés’ considered as betrayers of the independence cause. This sensitive literature, whether funny or violent, rare but successful, amuse and disturb Sahrawi audiences, provokes poetic responses, create new debate opportunities and allow social sciences to better understand how politicians from both parties try to exploit and/or control population movements in that area and how people live and manoeuvre around these policies.
    Mots-clés : betrayal, literature, migration, New Media, politics, Western Sahara.


  • Boyer Sylvie, Iwuji Collins, Gosset Andréa, Protopopescu Camelia, Okesola Nonhlanhla, Plazy Mélanie, Spire Bruno, Orne-Gliemann Joanna, McGrath Nuala, Pillay Deenan, Dabis François, Larmarange Joseph et group on behalf of the ANRS 12249 TasP study (2016) « Factors associated with antiretroviral treatment initiation amongst HIV-positive individuals linked to care within a universal test and treat programme: early findings of the ANRS 12249 TasP trial in rural South Africa », AIDS Care, 28 (sup3), p. 39-51. DOI : 10.1080/09540121.2016.1164808. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1164808.
    Résumé : Prompt uptake of antiretroviral treatment (ART) is essential to ensure the success of universal test and treat (UTT) strategies to prevent HIV transmission in high-prevalence settings. We describe ART initiation rates and associated factors within an ongoing UTT cluster-randomized trial in rural South Africa. HIV-positive individuals were offered immediate ART in the intervention arm vs. national guidelines recommended initiation (CD4≤350 cells/mm3) in the control arm. We used data collected up to July 2015 among the ART-eligible individuals linked to TasP clinics before January 2015. ART initiation rates at one (M1), three (M3) and six months (M6) from baseline visit were described by cluster and CD4 count strata (cells/mm3) and other eligibility criteria: ≤100; 100–200; 200–350; CD4>350 with WHO stage 3/4 or pregnancy; CD4>350 without WHO stage 3/4 or pregnancy. A Cox model accounting for covariate effect changes over time was used to assess factors associated with ART initiation. The 514 participants had a median [interquartile range] follow-up duration of 1.08 [0.69; 2.07] months until ART initiation or last visit. ART initiation rates at M1 varied substantially (36.9% in the group CD4>350 without WHO stage 3/4 or pregnancy, and 55.2–71.8% in the three groups with CD4≤350) but less at M6 (from 85.3% in the first group to 96.1–98.3% in the three other groups). Factors associated with lower ART initiation at M1 were a higher CD4 count and attending clinics with both high patient load and higher cluster HIV prevalence. After M1, having a regular partner was the only factor associated with higher likelihood of ART initiation. These findings suggest good ART uptake within a UTT setting, even among individuals with high CD4 count. However, inadequate staffing and healthcare professional practices could result in prioritizing ART initiation in patients with the lowest CD4 counts.


  • Camlin Carol S., Seeley Janet, Viljoen Lario, Vernooij Eva, Simwinga Musonda, Reynolds Lindsey, Reis Ria, Plank Rebeca, Orne-Gliemann Joanna, McGrath Nuala, Larmarange Joseph, Hoddinott Graeme, Getahun Monica, Charlebois Edwin D. et Bond Virginia (2016) « Strengthening universal HIV ‘test-and-treat’ approaches with social science research: », AIDS, 30 (6), p. 969-970. DOI : 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001008. http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:landingpage&an=00002030-201603270-00019.


  • Cannon Molly, Charyeva Zulfiya, Oguntunde Olugbenga, Sambisa William, Shoretire Kamil et Orobaton Nosa (2016) « A case study of community-based distribution and use of Misoprostol and Chlorhexidine in Sokoto State, Nigeria », Global Public Health (avril 21), p. 1-15. DOI : 10.1080/17441692.2016.1172102. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17441692.2016.1172102.


  • Chikovore Jeremiah, Gillespie Natasha, McGrath Nuala, Orne-Gliemann Joanna, Zuma Thembelihle et Group On Behalf of the ANRS 12249 TasP Study (2016) « Men, masculinity, and engagement with treatment as prevention in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa », AIDS Care, 28 (sup3), p. 74-82. DOI : 10.1080/09540121.2016.1178953. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1178953.
    Résumé : Men’s poorer engagement with healthcare generally and HIV care specifically, compared to women, is well-described. Within the HIV public health domain, interest is growing in universal test and treat (UTT) strategies. UTT strategies refer to the expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in order to reduce onward transmission and incidence of HIV in a population, through a “treatment as prevention” (TasP). This paper focuses on how masculinity influences engagement with HIV care in the context of an on-going TasP trial. Data were collected in January–November 2013 using 20 in-depth interviews, 10 of them repeated thrice, and 4 focus group discussions, each repeated four times. Analysis combined inductive and deductive approaches for coding and the review and consolidation of emerging themes. The accounts detailed men’s unwillingness to engage with HIV testing and care, seemingly tied to their pursuit of valued masculinity constructs such as having strength and control, being sexually competent, and earning income. Articulated through fears regarding getting an HIV-positive diagnosis, observations that men preferred traditional medicine and that primary health centres were not welcoming to men, descriptions that men used lay measures to ascertain HIV status, and insinuations by men that they were removed from HIV risk, the indisposition to HIV care contrasted markedly with an apparent readiness to test among women. Gendered tensions thus emerged which were amplified in the context where valued masculinity representations were constantly threatened. Amid the tensions, men struggled with disclosing their HIV status, and used various strategies to avoid or postpone disclosing, or disclose indirectly, while women’s ability to access care readily, use condoms, or communicate about HIV appeared similarly curtailed. UTT and TasP promotion should heed and incorporate into policy and health service delivery models the intrapersonal tensions, and the conflict, and poor and indirect communication at the micro-relational levels of couples and families.

  • Cornu J.F. et Gérard Etienne (2016) « La formation de l'élite scientifique mexicaine (1950-2010) : un processus sujet aux divisions internationales du marché de la formation », Circulation internationale des connaissances : regards croisés sur la dynamique Nord-Sud, p. 28–47. http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010067154.


  • Dah Ter Tiero Elias, Orne-Gliemann Joanna, Guiard Schmid Jean-Baptiste, Becquet Renaud et Larmarange Joseph (2016) « Les hommes qui ont des rapports sexuels avec d’autres hommes (HSH) et l’infection à VIH à Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso : connaissances, attitudes, pratiques et enquête de séroprévalence », Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 64 (4), p. 295-300. DOI : 10.1016/j.respe.2016.02.008. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0398762016302826.
    Résumé : Position du problème À l’instar de plusieurs pays africains, la question des rapports sexuels entre hommes au Burkina Faso reste taboue et est parfois cause d’exclusion sociale. Cette population qui est vulnérable face au VIH sida est méconnue, car n’ayant pas souvent fait l’objet d’exploration scientifique. Objectif L’objectif de notre étude était de caractériser les connaissances, attitudes, pratiques sexuelles et d’estimer la séroprévalence du VIH parmi les HSH à Ouagadougou. Méthodes Une étude transversale à visée descriptive et analytique a été conduite auprès de HSH résidant à Ouagadougou recrutés par la technique de « boule de neige », âgés d’au moins 18 ans et acceptant de participer à l’étude. Les données ont été recueillies par un questionnaire administré en face-à-face par deux enquêteurs formés. Le test de dépistage du VIH a été systématiquement proposé aux enquêtés. Résultats Au total, 142 HSH ont été recrutés durant la période d’étude. L’échantillon était constitué à majorité d’élèves ou d’étudiants (60,8 %), de célibataires (91 %) avec un âge compris entre 18 et 30 ans (96,5 %). Le score médian de connaissance vis-à-vis du VIH était de 8/10. La séroprévalence du VIH était estimée à 8,9 % (4,5–15,4). Conclusion Notre étude confirme la vulnérabilité des HSH de Ouagadougou vis-à-vis du VIH vu la séroprévalence élevée de l’infection par le VIH. Des interventions ciblées de prévention, de prise en charge et de recherche scientifique s’imposent aux autorités afin de pérenniser les acquis nationaux de la lutte contre le VIH sida. AbstractBackground Like many African countries, the issue of sex between men in Burkina Faso remains taboo and sometimes result in social exclusion. This population which is vulnerable to HIV/AIDS is unknown, due to lack of scientific researches. Aim Our study aimed to characterize knowledge, attitudes and sexual practices and to estimate HIV seroprevalence among men having sex with men (MSM) living in Ouagadougou. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in order to describe and analyze MSM living in Ouagadougou. They were recruited by snowball sampling, aged at least 18 years, and accepted to participate at the study. Data were collected by qualified interviewers through administered questionnaire face to face. HIV test was systematically proposed. Results A total of 142 MSM were recruited during the study period. The sample was mostly composed of students or pupils (60.8%), single men (91%), with age range 18–30 years (96.5%). The HIV knowledge median score was 8/10. HIV seroprevalence was 8.9% (4.5–15.4). Conclusion Our study confirms the vulnerability of MSM living in Ouagadougou about HIV/AIDS given the high rate of HIV seroprevalence. Targeted interventions for prevention, care and scientific research are challenges for the authorities to sustain the achievements of the national fight against HIV and AIDS.
    Mots-clés : attitudes, Attitudes et pratiques, Burkina Faso, Connaissances, ésHSH, HIV prevalence, knowledge, MSM, Orientation sexuelle, Ouagadougou, practices, Séroprévalence du VIH, sexual orientation.


  • De Beaudrap Pierre, Pasquier Estelle, Tchoumkeu Alice, Touko Adonis, Essomba Frida, Brus Aude, Desgrées du Loû Annabel, Aderemi Toyin Janet, Hanass-Hancock Jill, Eide Arne Henning, Mont Daniel, Mac-Seing Muriel et Beninguisse Gervais (2016) « HandiVIH—A population-based survey to understand the vulnerability of people with disabilities to HIV and other sexual and reproductive health problems in Cameroon: protocol and methodological considerations », BMJ Open, 6 (2), p. e008934. DOI : 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008934. http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008934.


  • de Loenzien Myriam (2016) « Lone Motherhood and its Educational Outcomes for Children in Vietnam », Marriage & Family Review (janvier 04). DOI : 10.1080/01494929.2015.1136859. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01494929.2015.1136859.

  • Debeaudrap Pierre, Pasquier Estelle, Tchoumkeu Alice, Touko Adonis, Essomba Frida, Brus Aude, Desgrées du Loû Annabel, Aderemi Toyin Janet, Hanass-Hancock Jill, Eide Arne Henning, Mont Daniel, Mac-Seing Muriel et Beninguisse Gervais (2016) « HandiVIH-A population-based survey to understand the vulnerability of people with disabilities to HIV and other sexual and reproductive health problems in Cameroon: protocol and methodological considerations », BMJ open, 6 (2), p. e008934. DOI : 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008934.
    Résumé : INTRODUCTION: In resource-limited countries, people with disabilities seem to be particularly vulnerable to HIV infection due to barriers to accessing information and services, frequent exposure to sexual violence and social exclusion. However, they have often been left behind in the HIV response, probably because of the lack of reliable epidemiological data measuring this vulnerability. Multiple challenges in conducting good quality epidemiological surveys on people with disabilities require innovative methods to better understand the link between disability and HIV. This paper describes how the design and methods of the HandiVIH study were adapted to document the vulnerability of people with disabilities to HIV, and to compare their situation with that of people without disabilities. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The HandiVIH project aims to combine quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative component is a cross-sectional survey with a control group conducted in Yaoundé (Cameroon). A two-phase random sampling is used (1) to screen people with disabilities from the general population using the Washington Group questionnaire and, (2) to create a matched control group. An HIV test is proposed to each study participant. Additionally, a questionnaire including a life-event interview is used to collect data on respondents' life-course history of social isolation, employment, sexual partnership, HIV risk factors and fertility. Before the cross-sectional survey, a qualitative exploratory study was implemented to identify challenges in conducting the survey and possible solutions. Information on people with disabilities begging in the streets and members of disabled people's organisations is collected separately. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study has been approved by the two ethical committees. Special attention has been paid on how to adapt the consenting process to persons with intellectual disabilities. The methodological considerations discussed in this paper may contribute to the development of good practices for conducting quantitative health surveys on people with disabilities. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02192658.
    Mots-clés : EPIDEMIOLOGY, STATISTICS & RESEARCH METHODS.

  • Debeaudrap Pierre, Turyakira Eleanor, Nabasumba Carolyn, Tumwebaze Benon, Piola Patrice, Boum Ii Yap et McGready Rose (2016) « Timing of malaria in pregnancy and impact on infant growth and morbidity: a cohort study in Uganda », Malaria Journal, 15 (1), p. 92. DOI : 10.1186/s12936-016-1135-7.
    Résumé : BACKGROUND: Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) is a major cause of fetal growth restriction and low birth weight in endemic areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding of the impact of MiP on infant growth and infant risk of malaria or morbidity is poorly characterized. The objective of this study was to describe the impact of MIP on subsequent infant growth, malaria and morbidity. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2009, 82 % (832/1018) of pregnant women with live-born singletons and ultrasound determined gestational age were enrolled in a prospective cohort with active weekly screening and treatment for malaria. Infants were followed monthly for growth and morbidity and received active monthly screening and treatment for malaria during their first year of life. Multivariate analyses were performed to analyse the association between malaria exposure during pregnancy and infants' growth, malaria infections, diarrhoea episodes and acute respiratory infections. RESULTS: Median time of infant follow-up was 12 months and infants born to a mother who had MiP were at increased risk of impaired height and weight gain (-2.71 cm, 95 % CI -4.17 to -1.25 and -0.42 kg, 95 % CI -0.76 to -0.08 at 12 months for >1 MiP compared to no MiP) and of malaria infection (relative risk 10.42, 95 % CI 2.64-41.10 for infants born to mothers with placental malaria). The risks of infant growth restriction and infant malaria infection were maximal when maternal malaria occurred in the 12 weeks prior to delivery. Recurrent MiP was also associated with acute respiratory infection (RR 1.96, 95 % CI 1.25-3.06) and diarrhoea during infancy (RR 1.93, 95 % CI 1.02-3.66). CONCLUSION: This study shows that despite frequent active screening and prompt treatment of MiP, impaired growth and an increased risk of malaria and non-malaria infections can be observed in the infants. Effective preventive measures in pregnancy remain a research priority. This study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00495508.


  • Desgrées du Loû Annabel, Pannetier Julie, Ravalihasy Andrainolo, Le Guen Mireille, Gosselin Anne, Panjo Henri, Bajos Nathalie, Lydie Nathalie, Lert France et Dray-Spira Rosemary (2016) « Is hardship during migration a determinant of HIV infection? Results from the ANRS PARCOURS study of sub-Saharan African migrants in France: », AIDS, 30 (4), p. 645-656. DOI : 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000957. http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:landingpage&an=00002030-201602200-00013.
    Résumé : {Objectives: } In Europe, sub-Saharan African migrants are a key population for HIVinfection. We analyse how social hardships during settlement in France shape sexual partnerships and HIV risk. {Design:} PARCOURS is a life-event survey conducted in 2012–2013 in 74 health-care facilities in the Paris region, among three groups of sub-Saharan migrants: 926 receiving HIV care (296 acquired HIV in France), 779 with chronic hepatitis B, and 763 with neither HIV nor hepatitis B (reference group). {Methods:} Hardships (lack of residence permit, economic resources and housing) and sexual partnerships were documented for each year since arrival in France. For each sex, reported sexual partnerships were compared by group and their associations with hardships each year analysed with mixed-effects logistic regression models. Results: Hardships were frequent: more than 40% had lived a year or longer without a residence permit, and more than 20% without stable housing. Most of the migrants had nonstable and concurrent partnerships, more frequent among those who acquired HIV in France compared with reference group, as were casual partnerships among men (76.7 vs. 54.2%; P¼0.004) and women (52.4 vs. 30.5%; P¼0.02), concurrent partnerships among men (69.9 vs. 45.8%; P¼0.02), and transactional partnerships among women (8.6 vs. 2.3%; P¼0.006). Hardship increased risky behaviours: in women, lacking a residence permit increased casual and transactional partnerships [resp. odds ratio (OR)¼2.01(1.48–2.72) and OR¼6.27(2.25–17.44)]. Same trends were observed for lacking stable housing [OR¼3.71(2.75–5.00) and OR¼10.58 (4.68–23.93)]. {Conclusion:} Hardships faced by migrants increase HIV risks. Women, especially during the period without stable housing, appear especially vulnerable.


  • Desgrees-du-Lou Annabel, Pannetier Julie, Ravalihasy Andrainolo, Le Guen Mireille, Gosselin Anne, Panjo Henri, Bajos Nathalie, Lydie Nathalie, Lert France et Dray-Spira Rosemary (2016) « Is hardship during migration a determinant of HIV infection? Results from the ANRS PARCOURS study of sub-Saharan African migrants in France: », AIDS, 30 (4), p. 645-656. DOI : 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000957. http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:landingpage&an=00002030-201602200-00013.
  • Dia Hamidou (2016) « Pratiques de scolarisation de jeunes Français au Sénégal. La construction de l’excellence par le pays des « ancêtres » », Cahiers d'études africaines, LVI (1-2) (221-222), p. 199-218.

  • Gérard Etienne (2016) « Réseaux et circulation des savoirs : un rapport paradoxal [introduction] », Circulation internationale des connaissances : regards croisés sur la dynamique Nord-Sud, p. 115–121. http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010067155.
    Mots-clés : ARGENTINE, Mexique.

  • Gérard Etienne et Grediaga Rocio (2016) « Entre brèches et héritages : mobilité académique des élèves ingénieurs mexicains dans la seconde moitié du vingtième siècle », Migrer dans les Amériques, 6, p. 15 p. [en ligne]. http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010067528.
    Résumé : Ce travail se propose d&8217;examiner l&8217;héritage de traditions scientifiques dans l&8217;ingénierie mexicaine, par l&8217;analyse des « pôles internationaux » de formation des ingénieurs. Nous montrons que, à l&8217;instar des autres disciplines, la formation en ingénierie s&8217;endogénéise en quelque sorte au Mexique : la part des chercheurs formés à l&8217;étranger diminue de génération en génération. Cependant, des liens historiques entre des pays occidentaux (Etats-Unis, France, Angleterre) et le Mexique perdurent, ainsi que des relations étroites entre des institutions de formation mexicaines et étrangères. Ces relations ont les traits de « chaînes de savoirs », maintenues grâce aux trajectoires successives des élèves-ingénieurs. À l&8217;examen, ces chaînes semblent dépendre de la structuration du champ scientifique étranger. Ainsi, les mobilités pour études sont davantage &8220;instituées&8221; vers des pays européens que vers les Etats-Unis. Et ils diffèrent d&8217;une sous-discipline de l&8217;ingénierie à une autre. En complément de données statistiques tirées de la base du Système national des chercheurs (SNI), des entretiens qualitatifs illustrent l&8217;absence de reproduction simple des trajectoires de formation et leur complexité. Mis en regard, ces deux ensembles de données conduisent à montrer que les trajectoires individuelles sont &8220;enchâssées&8221; dans des logiques sociales et politiques de mobilité et de formation, ou encore de division internationale du travail scientifique. Des logiques qui, peu à peu et pour certains pôles traditionnels de formation, remettent en cause les &8220;héritages&8221; scientifiques des générations passées.
    Mots-clés : Mexique.


  • Gerbier-Aublanc Marjorie, Gosselin Anne et The PARCOURS Study Group (2016) « Access to employment among African migrant women living with HIV in France: opportunities and constraints », AIDS Care, 28 (8) (août 02), p. 1058-1061. DOI : 10.1080/09540121.2016.1173644. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2016.1173644.

  • Gosselin Anne, Desgrées du Loû Annabel, Lelièvre Eva, Lert France, Dray-Spira Rosemary et Lydié Nathalie (2016) « Migrants subsahariens : combien de temps leur faut-il pour s’installer en France ? », Population et Sociétés, 5 (533), p. 4. http://www.ined.fr/fr/publications/population-et-societes/migrants-subsahariens/.


  • Hadj Laure (2016) « Provinces et rééquilibrage des inégalités en Nouvelle-Calédonie - Quelle mesure de la pauvreté ? », Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique, 131 (1) (juillet 01), p. 49-65. DOI : 10.1177/0759106316644598. http://bms.sagepub.com/cgi/doi/10.1177/0759106316644598.


  • Iwuji Collins C., Orne-Gliemann Joanna, Larmarange Joseph, Okesola Nonhlanhla, Tanser Frank, Thiebaut Rodolphe, Rekacewicz Claire, Newell Marie-Louise, Dabis Francois et Group ANRS 12249 TasP trial (2016) « Uptake of Home-Based HIV Testing, Linkage to Care, and Community Attitudes about ART in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Descriptive Results from the First Phase of the ANRS 12249 TasP Cluster-Randomised Trial », PLOS Med, 13 (8) (août 09), p. e1002107. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002107. http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002107.
    Résumé : Collins Iwuji and colleagues report implementation indicators and early health outcomes from the first phase of a cluster-randomized trial of immediate antiretroviral therapy to all HIV-positive individuals in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
    Mots-clés : antiretroviral therapy, Cluster trials, HIV, HIV diagnosis and management, HIV epidemiology, HIV prevention, Questionnaires, South Africa.


  • Larmarange Joseph, Kassoum Ouattara, Kakou Élise, Fradier Yves, Sika Lazare et Danel Christine (2016) « Faisabilité et représentativité d’une enquête téléphonique avec échantillonnage aléatoire de lignes mobiles en Côte d’Ivoire », Population, 71 (1) (juillet 01), p. 121-134. DOI : 10.3917/popu.1601.0121. http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=POPU_1601_0121.
    Résumé : et article présente les résultats d’une enquête exploratoire pilote sur le dépistage du VIH/sida (DOD-CI) visant à tester la faisabilité et la représentativité d’une enquête nationale en population générale en Côte d’Ivoire à partir d’un échantillon aléatoire de numéros de téléphones portables. Les refus ont été peu nombreux et inférieurs à ce qui est habituellement observé dans des enquêtes similaires en France. En termes de représentativité, l’échantillon obtenu s’avère être plus jeune, plus urbain et plus masculin. Nous avons comparé quatre indicateurs de dépistage du VIH/sida avec l’Enquête démographique et de santé (EDS) réalisée en 2011-2012. Du fait de biais de sélection différents dans les deux enquêtes, les indicateurs étaient plus élevés que ceux observés dans l’EDS 2011-2012. Cependant, les différentiels observés par sexe, groupe d’âges, niveau d’instruction et milieu de résidence étaient similaires. Il paraît dès lors envisageable de réaliser une enquête nationale en Côte d’Ivoire selon cette approche, en opérant plusieurs ajustements, dont la prise en compte des non-abonnés à des téléphones mobiles résidant dans le même ménage qu’un abonné.
    Mots-clés : Côte d’Ivoire, échantillonnage, Enquête par téléphone, faisabilité, représentativité, téléphone mobile.

  • Larmarange Joseph, Kassoum Ouattara, Kakou Élise, Fradier Yves, Sika Lazare, Danel Christine et DOD-CI ANRS 12287 Study Group (2016) « Feasibility and Representativeness of a Random Sample Mobile Phone Survey in Côte d’Ivoire », Population, Vol. 71 (1) (juillet 01), p. 121-134. http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=E_POPU_1601_0121.
    Résumé : This short paper presents the results of an exploratory pilot survey on HIV-AIDS screening (DOD-CI) conducted in Côte d’Ivoire to test the feasibility and representativeness of a national general population survey based on a random sample of mobile phone numbers. The refusal rate was low, and below the levels habitually observed for similar surveys conducted in France. In terms of representativeness, the sample obtained was younger, more urban and more masculine than the population in general. Four HIV-AIDS screening indicators were compared with those obtained in the Demographic and Health survey (DHS) conducted in 2011-2012. Owing to differences in selection biases affecting the two surveys, the indicators were higher than those observed in the DHS 2011-2012. However, the differences observed by sex, age group, level of education and place of residence were similar. This confirms the feasibility of applying such an approach for a national survey in Côte d’Ivoire, providing that several adjustments are made, such as including non-subscribers living in the same household as a mobile phone subscriber.
  • Larzillière Pénélope (2016) « Compte-rendu de lecture : « Riva Kastoryano, Que faire du corps des jihadistes. Territoire et identités, Paris, Fayard, 2015 » », Revue française de science politique, n° 66/1, p. pp. 176-177.

  • Larzillière Pénélope (2016) « La «réforme du secteur de la sécurité» Généalogie critique du discours sécurité et développement », Revue Tiers Monde, 2-3/2016 (226-227), p. 147-170. http://www.revues.armand-colin.com/geographie/revue-tiers-monde/revue-tiers-monde-ndeg-226-227-2-32016/reforme-du-secteur-securite-genealogie-critique-du-discours-securite-developpeme-0.
    Résumé : La sécurité fait désormais partie des objectifs assignés aux politiques de développement. Cet article propose une approche généalogique de cette évolution et aborde la sécurité dans le développement comme un discours normatif, avec ses conditions historiques d’émergence, les rapports de pouvoir qui le sous-tendent, les effets de matérialité qu’il induit. L’analyse se concentre sur l’introduction du dispositif de réforme du secteur de la sécurité dans le développement, en s’appuyant sur une démarche comparative et également une étude de cas au Liban. Cette généalogie politique montre un processus d’imprégnation sécuritaire avec de nouvelles grilles de lecture des sociétés concernées, ainsi que des ambivalences structurelles qui influent sur les appropriations locales et nationales.
    Mots-clés : développement, Dispositif, généalogie, LIBAN, réforme du secteur de la sécurité, sécurité.


  • Loenzien Myriam de (2016) « Lone Motherhood and its Educational Outcomes for Children in Vietnam », Marriage & Family Review, 52 (1-2) (février 17), p. 162-195. DOI : 10.1080/01494929.2015.1136859. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01494929.2015.1136859.
    Résumé : Micro-data from the 2009 Vietnam census indicate that lone mothers represent 11.0% of all women aged 15 to 49 living with at least one of their children (⬚17 years old). Results from logistic regression models show that school enrollment and attainment levels are lower for children of lone mothers than for children living with two parents. This negative effect is observed for children of never married, divorced or separated, and widowed lone mothers as well as for children of women currently married to a migrant not residing in the household provided they are not head of household. This disadvantage may be explained by reduced availability of human, material, and financial resources; restricted agency of the mother; and long-term socioeconomic and demographic processes shaping family relations and migration.
    Mots-clés : Census, children, Education, family, household, migration, motherhood, Vietnam.


  • Mattern Chiarella, Pourette Dolorès, Raboanary Emma, Kesteman Thomas, Piola Patrice, Randrianarivelojosia Milijaona et Rogier Christophe (2016) « “Tazomoka Is Not a Problem”. Local Perspectives on Malaria, Fever Case Management and Bed Net Use in Madagascar », éd. par Vicki Marsh, PLOS ONE, 11 (3) (mars 4), p. e0151068. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0151068. http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0151068.
    Résumé : Background Although its incidence has been decreasing during the last decade, malaria is still a major public health issue in Madagascar. The use of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN) remains a key malaria control intervention strategy in Madagascar, however, it encounters some obstacles. The present study aimed to explore the local terminology related to malaria, information channels about malaria, attitude towards bed nets, and health care seeking practices in case of fever. This article presents novel qualitative findings about malaria. Until now, no such data has been published for Madagascar. Methods A comparative qualitative study was carried out at four sites in Madagascar, each differing by malaria epidemiology and socio-cultural background of the populations. Seventy-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with biomedical and traditional caregivers, and members of the local population. In addition, observations of the living conditions and the uses of bed net were conducted. Results Due to the differences between local and biomedical perspectives on malaria, official messages did not have the expected impact on population in terms of prevention and care seeking behaviors. Rather, most information retained about malaria was spread through informal information circulation channels. Most interviewees perceived malaria as a disease that is simple to treat. Tazomoka (“mosquito fever”), the Malagasy biomedical word for malaria, was not used by populations. Tazo (“fever”) and tazomahery (“strong fever”) were the terms more commonly used by members of the local population to refer to malaria related symptoms. According to local perceptions in all areas, tazo and tazomahery were not caused by mosquitos. Each of these symptoms required specific health recourse. The usual fever management strategies consisted of self-medication or recourse to traditional and biomedical caregivers. Usage of bed nets was intermittent and was not directly linked to protection against malaria in the eyes of most Malagasy people. Conclusions This article highlights the conflicting understanding of malaria between local perceptions and the biomedical establishment in Madagascar. Local perceptions of malaria present a holistic vision of the disease that includes various social and cultural dimensions, rather than reflecting one universal understanding, as in the biomedical image. The consideration of this “holistic vision” and other socio-cultural aspects surrounding the understanding of malaria is essential in implementing successful control intervention strategies.
    Mots-clés : Bed net, Fever, Local perceptions, Madagascar, Malaria, Qualitative study.

  • Mick Carola (2016) « ‘Yo sé hablar, dije.’ The conditions for Peruvian domestic workers to speak out for their rights », Amérique Latine Histoire et Mémoire. Les Cahiers ALHIM [online], 31. http://alhim.revues.org/5437.
    Résumé : Based on the analysis of autobiographic stories told by Peruvian domestic workers in Lima, the present article discusses the conditions for these women to stand up and speak out for their rights. Studying the speakers' use of the two verba dicendi (“verbs of speaking”) decir and hablar, it reconstructs the communicative competence these marginalised actors themselves define as necessary for their active participation in society. The analysis allows for discussing the conditions for women in Latin America to participate in the struggle against social inequalities, as well as the role and responsibility of the ethnographic research process with regard to this competence.
    Mots-clés : communicative competence, domestic workers, participation, Peru, verba dicendi.


  • Moshabela Mosa, Zuma Thembelihle, Orne-Gliemann Joanna, Iwuji Collins, Larmarange Joseph, McGrath Nuala et Group on behalf of the ANRS 12249 TasP Study (2016) « “It is better to die”: experiences of traditional health practitioners within the HIV treatment as prevention trial communities in rural South Africa (ANRS 12249 TasP trial) », AIDS Care, 28 (sup3), p. 24-32. DOI : 10.1080/09540121.2016.1181296. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1181296.
    Résumé : The ANRS 12249 Treatment-as-Prevention (TasP) cluster-randomized trial in rural South Africa uses a “test and treat” approach. Home-based testing services and antiretroviral treatment initiation satellite clinics were implemented in every cluster as part of the trial. A social science research agenda was nested within TasP with the aim of understanding the social, economic and contextual factors that affect individuals, households, communities and health systems with respect to TasP. Considering the rural nature of the trial setting, we sought to understand community perceptions and experiences of the TasP Trial interventions as seen through the eyes of traditional health practitioners (THPs). A qualitative study design was adopted using four repeat focus group discussions conducted with nine THPs, combined with community walks and photo-voice techniques, over a period of 18 months. A descriptive, interpretive and explanatory approach to analysis was adopted. Findings indicate that THPs engaged with the home-based testing services and HIV clinics established for TasP. Specifically, home-based testing services were perceived as relatively successful in increasing access to HIV testing. A major gap observed by THPs was linkage to HIV clinics. Most of their clients, and some of the THPs themselves, found it difficult to use HIV clinics due to fear of labelling, stigma and discrimination, and the ensuing personal implications of unsolicited disclosure. On the one hand, a growing number of patients diagnosed with HIV have found sanctuary with THPs as alternatives to clinics. On the other hand, THPs in turn have been struggling to channel patients suspected of HIV into clinics through referrals. Therefore, acceptability of the TasP test and treat approach by THPs is a major boost to the intervention, but further success can be achieved through strengthened ties with communities to combat stigma and effectively link patients into HIV care, including partnerships with THPs themselves.

  • Nansumba Margaret, Kumbakumba Elias, Orikiriza Patrick, Muller Yolanda, Nackers Fabienne, Debeaudrap Pierre, Boum Yap et Bonnet Maryline (2016) « Detection Yield and Tolerability of String Test for Diagnosis of Childhood Intrathoracic Tuberculosis », The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 35 (2), p. 146-151. DOI : 10.1097/INF.0000000000000956.
    Résumé : BACKGROUND: Difficulty to obtain sputum in children complicates diagnosis of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB). The intragastric string test (ST) used for retrieval of enteric pathogens might be an alternative specimen collection method but requires further evaluation of its utility in TB diagnosis. We conducted a cross-sectional study comparing the TB detection yield and the tolerability of ST and sputum induction (SI) in children. METHODS: Two ST and SI procedures were performed in children (3-14 years of age) who were clinically suspected of having TB. The string was removed after a 2-hour gastric downtime, and SI was done after a maximum of 20 minutes nebulization with 5% saline solution. LED-fluorescence microscopy and mycobacterial cultures were performed on all specimens, and XpertMTB/RIF assay was performed on stored specimen sediments. Tolerability questionnaires were administered to parents of children. RESULTS: Of 137 included children (median age: 8.1 years; 33.3% with HIV infection), 14 (10.2%) were diagnosed with TB, 10 (71.4%) by ST and 12 (85.7%) by SI. Among 105 children with both ST and SI performed, 5 (4.8%) versus 4 (3.8%) were smear positive using ST and SI, respectively (McNemar P = 1.00). Nine (8.6%) in each group had positive cultures (P = 1.00). Of 64 children tested with XpertMTB/RIF, 3 (4.7%) of the ST group versus 4 (6.3%) of the SI group were TB positive (P = 1.00). No adverse serious events were reported. ST could not be performed in 22 of 137 (16.1%) children because they were unable to swallow the capsule. CONCLUSIONS: TB detection yield was comparable between ST and SI. The tolerability of ST in young children might be improved by the reduction of the size of the capsule.

  • Nansumba Margaret, Kumbakumba Elias, Orikiriza Patrick, Muller Yolanda, Nackers Fabienne, Debeaudrap Pierre, Boum Yap et Bonnet Maryline (2016) « Detection Yield and Tolerability of String Test for Diagnosis of Childhood Intrathoracic Tuberculosis », The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 35 (2), p. 146-151. DOI : 10.1097/INF.0000000000000956.
    Résumé : BACKGROUND: Difficulty to obtain sputum in children complicates diagnosis of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB). The intragastric string test (ST) used for retrieval of enteric pathogens might be an alternative specimen collection method but requires further evaluation of its utility in TB diagnosis. We conducted a cross-sectional study comparing the TB detection yield and the tolerability of ST and sputum induction (SI) in children. METHODS: Two ST and SI procedures were performed in children (3-14 years of age) who were clinically suspected of having TB. The string was removed after a 2-hour gastric downtime, and SI was done after a maximum of 20 minutes nebulization with 5% saline solution. LED-fluorescence microscopy and mycobacterial cultures were performed on all specimens, and XpertMTB/RIF assay was performed on stored specimen sediments. Tolerability questionnaires were administered to parents of children. RESULTS: Of 137 included children (median age: 8.1 years; 33.3% with HIV infection), 14 (10.2%) were diagnosed with TB, 10 (71.4%) by ST and 12 (85.7%) by SI. Among 105 children with both ST and SI performed, 5 (4.8%) versus 4 (3.8%) were smear positive using ST and SI, respectively (McNemar P = 1.00). Nine (8.6%) in each group had positive cultures (P = 1.00). Of 64 children tested with XpertMTB/RIF, 3 (4.7%) of the ST group versus 4 (6.3%) of the SI group were TB positive (P = 1.00). No adverse serious events were reported. ST could not be performed in 22 of 137 (16.1%) children because they were unable to swallow the capsule. CONCLUSIONS: TB detection yield was comparable between ST and SI. The tolerability of ST in young children might be improved by the reduction of the size of the capsule.


  • Orne-Gliemann Joanna, Zuma Thembelihle, Chikovore Jeremiah, Gillespie Natasha, Grant Merridy, Iwuji Collins, Larmarange Joseph, McGrath Nuala, Lert France, Imrie John et Group On Behalf of the TasP Study (2016) « Community perceptions of repeat HIV-testing: experiences of the ANRS 12249 Treatment as Prevention trial in rural South Africa », AIDS Care, 28 (sup3), p. 14-23. DOI : 10.1080/09540121.2016.1164805. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1164805.
    Résumé : In the context of the ANRS 12249 Treatment as Prevention (TasP) trial, we investigated perceptions of regular and repeat HIV-testing in rural KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), an area of very high HIV prevalence and incidence. We conducted two qualitative studies, before (2010) and during the early implementation stages of the trial (2013–2014), to appreciate the evolution in community perceptions of repeat HIV-testing over this period of rapid changes in HIV-testing and treatment approaches. Repeated focus group discussions were organized with young adults, older adults and mixed groups. Repeat and regular HIV-testing was overall well perceived before, and well received during, trial implementation. Yet community members were not able to articulate reasons why people might want to test regularly or repeatedly, apart from individual sexual risk-taking. Repeat home-based HIV-testing was considered as feasible and convenient, and described as more acceptable than clinic-based HIV-testing, mostly because of privacy and confidentiality. However, socially regulated discourses around appropriate sexual behaviour and perceptions of stigma and prejudice regarding HIV and sexual risk-taking were consistently reported. This study suggests several avenues to improve HIV-testing acceptability, including implementing diverse and personalised approaches to HIV-testing and care, and providing opportunities for antiretroviral therapy initiation and care at home.


  • Plazy Mélanie, Farouki Kamal El, Iwuji Collins, Okesola Nonhlanhla, Orne-Gliemann Joanna, Larmarange Joseph, Lert France, Newell Marie-Louise, Dabis François et Dray-Spira Rosemary (2016) « Access to HIV care in the context of universal test and treat: challenges within the ANRS 12249 TasP cluster-randomized trial in rural South Africa », Journal of the International AIDS Society, 19 (1) (juin 1), p. 1-12. DOI : 10.7448/IAS.19.1.20913. http://www.jiasociety.org/index.php/jias/article/view/20913.
  • Scetti Fabio (2016) « Variación dialectal de la lengua portuguesa. Evolución de la lengua portuguesa en un contexto de migración: la “comunidade portuguesa” de Montreal », Limite, 10 (1), p. 109-121.
    Résumé : Esta comunicación aborda la temática de la evolución de la lengua portuguesa en un contexto de la migración. La “comunidade portuguesa” de Montreal representa un ejemplo de integración lingüística intragrupo unida y fuerte, en un contexto urbano complejo, como el de la ciudad canadiense. Observando las prácticas de la lengua, nuestro estudio se concentra sobre el análisis de 7 elementos de “fragilidad” de la estructura de la lengua, consecuencias de la situación de contacto, debido a las influencias del contexto y del francés y del inglés, lenguas dominantes. En esta visión de erosión de la lengua, varios discursos se crean sobre su definición, sus límites y su continuación en el futuro. Hoy en día, la lengua portuguesa puede sobrevivir en este nuevo contexto y transmitirse de generación en generación, promocionándose como lengua internacional y del futuro, pero sobre todo realzándose como marca fundamental de la identidad del grupo.

  • Scetti Fabio (2016) « Langues et migrations La langue et son parcours dans le temps et dans l’espace : La « communauté portugaise » à Montréal », Cahiers de l’Urmis [En ligne], 16. http://urmis.revues.org/1301.
  • Scetti Fabio (2016) « La langue portugaise se protège au sein de sa forteresse : la “communauté portugaise” de Montréal », Études Canadiennes – Canadian Studies, 80, p. 187-202.
    Résumé : Cette contribution est issue d’une enquête ethnographique en sociolinguistique sur la « communauté portugaise » à Montréal. Suite à la recherche de terrain conduite à Montréal en 2011 et en 2014, nous avons pu réaliser deux typologies d’analyse. Dans un premier temps, grâce à l’analyse linguistique, nous avons observé sept « éléments de fragilité » de la langue portugaise parlée au sein du groupe, qui montrent son degré d’érosion. Ensuite, en analysant les discours épilinguistiques, nous avons pu souligner différents statuts donnés à la langue et surtout son rôle comme marqueur identitaire de la « communauté ».


  • Souza Jp, Betran Ap, Dumont A, de Mucio B, Gibbs Pickens Cm, Deneux-Tharaux C, Ortiz-Panozo E, Sullivan E, Ota E, Togoobaatar G, Carroli G, Knight H, Zhang J, Cecatti Jg, Vogel Jp, Jayaratne K, Leal Mc, Gissler M, Morisaki N, Lack N, Oladapo Ot, Tunçalp ö, Lumbiganon P, Mori R, Quintana S, Costa Passos Ad, Marcolin Ac, Zongo A, Blondel B, Hernández B, Hogue Cj, Prunet C, Landman C, Ochir C, Cuesta C, Pileggi-Castro C, Walker D, Alves D, Abalos E, Moises Ecd, Vieira Em, Duarte G, Perdona G, Gurol-Urganci I, Takahiko K, Moscovici L, Campodonico L, Oliveira-Ciabati L, Laopaiboon M, Danansuriya M, Nakamura-Pereira M, Costa Ml, Torloni Mr, Kramer Mr, Borges P, Olkhanud Pb, Pérez-Cuevas R, Agampodi Sb, Mittal S, Serruya S, Bataglia V, Li Z, Temmerman M et Gülmezoglu Am (2016) « A global reference for caesarean section rates (C-Model): a multicountry cross-sectional study », BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 123 (3), p. 427-436. DOI : 10.1111/1471-0528.13509. http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1471-0528.13509.

  • Subnational Estimates Working Group of the HIV Modelling Consortium (2016) « Evaluation of geospatial methods to generate subnational HIV prevalence estimates for local level planning », AIDS (London, England), 30 (9) (juin 01), p. 1467-1474. DOI : 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001075.
    Résumé : OBJECTIVE: There is evidence of substantial subnational variation in the HIV epidemic. However, robust spatial HIV data are often only available at high levels of geographic aggregation and not at the finer resolution needed for decision making. Therefore, spatial analysis methods that leverage available data to provide local estimates of HIV prevalence may be useful. Such methods exist but have not been formally compared when applied to HIV. DESIGN/METHODS: Six candidate methods - including those used by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS to generate maps and a Bayesian geostatistical approach applied to other diseases - were used to generate maps and subnational estimates of HIV prevalence across three countries using cluster level data from household surveys. Two approaches were used to assess the accuracy of predictions: internal validation, whereby a proportion of input data is held back (test dataset) to challenge predictions; and comparison with location-specific data from household surveys in earlier years. RESULTS: Each of the methods can generate usefully accurate predictions of prevalence at unsampled locations, with the magnitude of the error in predictions similar across approaches. However, the Bayesian geostatistical approach consistently gave marginally the strongest statistical performance across countries and validation procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Available methods may be able to furnish estimates of HIV prevalence at finer spatial scales than the data currently allow. The subnational variation revealed can be integrated into planning to ensure responsiveness to the spatial features of the epidemic. The Bayesian geostatistical approach is a promising strategy for integrating HIV data to generate robust local estimates.
Chapitre de livre

  • AL DAHDAH Marine (2016) « MSanté au Ghana : analyse sociotechnique d’un dispositif de santé maternelle par téléphone portable », in Terminaux et environnements numériques mobiles dans l’espace francophone, Paris : L'Harmattan. (Communication et Civilisation). ISBN : 978-2-343-09352-9.
    Résumé : En 2014, avec presque 7 milliards d’usagers « mobile », le téléphone portable devient la technologie d'information et de communication la plus utilisée dans le monde. Du « dossier patient » en ligne à l’envoi dématérialisé de données cliniques, les systèmes de santé du monde entier y recourent de manière croissante dans un contexte de réduction des ressources et des dépenses de santé, mais aussi d’implication croissante des patients. La cybersanté (eSanté) a fait l’objet de nombreux travaux ces dernières années, mais peu de recherches ont a été réalisées sur la mSanté. Cet article aborde ce nouvel objet à travers l'étude d'un projet de santé maternelle déployé eu Ghana. Nous nous pencherons sur les perceptions des usagers de cette technologie mobile comme expression de ses effets.
    Mots-clés : mHealth, mobile, mSanté, pays en développement, téléphone portable.

  • Bernard-Maugiron Nathalie (2016) « A Clash of Institutions: Judiciary vs. Executive in Egypt », in Building Rule of Law in the Arab World (Tunisia, Egypt and Beyond), Lynne Rienner Publishers, Blj:der : Eva Bellin and Heidi E. Lane, p. 29-52. (Lynne Rienner Publishers). https://www.rienner.com/title/Build..
  • Bernard-Maugiron Nathalie (2016) « State powers and Constitution Drafting Processes in Post-Revolutionary Transitions in North Africa », in The Arab Transitions in a Changing World: Building Democraties in Light of International Experiences, éd. par S. Florensa, IEMED, Barcelone, p. 118-129.
  • Bonini Nathalie et Lange Marie-France (2016) « L’école en Afrique: principales thématiques de recherche depuis 40 ans », in Regards scientifiques sur l’Afrique depuis les Indépendances, éd. par Marina Lafay, Françoise Le Guennec-Coppens, et Elisée Coulibaly, Karthala, Société des africanistes, Paris, p. 397-418.


  • Desjeux Dominique, Yang Xiao Min et Hu Shen (2016) « Classe moyenne et consommation ou les mutations silencieuses de la société chinoise, depuis 1997 », in Arts et intercultures ou les mutations silencieuses de la Chine contemporaine, éd. par Béatrice Bouvier et Anne Pauzet, Paris; Angers : l'Harmattan ; les Éditions de l'UCO, p. 11-27. ISBN : 978-2-343-08178-6. http://www.argonautes.fr/2016-01-d-desjeux-yang-xiaomin-hu-shen-classe-moyenne-et-consommation-ou-les-mutations-silencieuses-de-la-societe-chinoise-depuis-1997/.

  • Desjeux Dominique (2016) « Comment l'anthropologie aide à comprendre les espaces privés et publics dans la société numérique », in Petits entretiens de la vie privée: Expérience quotidienne sur le web, éd. par Lobet-Maris Claire, Grandjean Nathalie, et Vanmeerbeek Perrine, Presses universitaires de Namur, 4: p. 49-52. ISBN : 2-87037-923-4.
    Mots-clés : ANTHROPOLOGIE, numérique.

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