DEGROOTE Stéphanie

Anthropologue, Démographe en Santé Publique / Santé Mondiale

Elle a été chargée de coordination du projet UNISSahel : Couverture Universelle Santé au SAHEL

Courriel : stephaniedegroote.recherche chez

Publications récentes

  • Campeau Laurence, Degroote Stéphanie, Ridde Valery, Carabali Mabel et Zinszer Kate (2018) « Containment measures for emerging and re-emerging vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban settings: a scoping review », Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7 (95) (décembre), p. 1-16. DOI : 10.1186/s40249-018-0478-4.

  • Carabali Mabel, Pérez Dennis, Degroote Stephanie, Reyes Alicia, Kaufman Jay S. et Ridde Valery (2020) « Towards a better integration of social sciences in arbovirus research and decision-making: an experience from scientific collaboration between Cuban and Quebec institutions », Global Health Promotion (août 14), p. 175797592094385. DOI : 10.1177/1757975920943859.
    Résumé : In 2017, the Institute of Tropical Medicine Pedro Kourí, University of Montreal Public Health Research Institute, and McGill University joined efforts to provide scenarios for scientific exchange and knowledge dissemination about the social science contribution on arboviral research. This commentary describes the scientific collaboration between Cuban and Canadian (Quebec) institutions, illustrating the need and opportunities to facilitate research and effective decision-making processes for arboviral prevention and control, going beyond traditional biomedical aspects. We organized a set of scientific activities within three international events conducted in Cuba between 2017 and 2018. Given the collaborating institutions’ expertise and the knowledge gaps in arboviral research, we selected three main thematic areas: social determinants and equity, community-based interventions and use of evidence for decision-making. The partnership shows that interdisciplinary collaboration and the use and integration of quantitative and qualitative methods from the social sciences is essential to face the current challenges in arbovirus research.

  • Dagenais Christian, Degroote Stéphanie, Otmani Del Barrio Mariam, Bermudez-Tamayo Clara et Ridde Valéry (2018) « Establishing research priorities in prevention and control of vector-borne diseases in urban areas: a collaborative process », Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7 (85) (décembre), p. 1-10. DOI : 10.1186/s40249-018-0463-y.
    Résumé : Background: In 2015, following a call for proposals from the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), six scoping reviews on the prevention and control of vector-borne diseases in urban areas were conducted. Those reviews provided a clear picture of the available knowledge and highlighted knowledge gaps, as well as needs and opportunities for future research. Based on the research findings of the scoping reviews, a concept mapping exercise was undertaken to produce a list of priority research needs to be addressed. Methods: Members of the six research teams responsible for the "VEctor boRne DiseAses Scoping reviews" (VERDAS) consortium's scoping reviews met for 2 days with decision-makers from Colombia, Brazil, Peru, Pan-American Health Organization, and World Health Organization. A total of 11 researchers and seven decision-makers (from ministries of health, city and regional vector control departments, and vector control programs) completed the concept mapping, answering the question: "In view of the knowledge synthesis and your own expertise, what do we still need to know about vector-borne diseases and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban areas?" Participants rated each statement on two scales from 1 to 5, one relative to 'priority' and the other to 'policy relevance', and grouped statements into clusters based on their own individual criteria and expertise. Results: The final map consisted of 12 clusters. Participants considered those entitled "Equity", "Technology", and "Surveillance" to have the highest priority. The cluster considered the most important concerns equity issues, confirming that these issues are rarely addressed in research on vector-borne diseases. On the other hand, the "Population mobility" and "Collaboration" clusters were considered to be the lowest priority but remained identified by participants as research priorities. The average policy relevance scores for each of the 12 clusters were roughly the same as the priority scores for all clusters. Some issues were not addressed during the brain-storming. This is the case for governance and for access and quality of care. Conclusions: Based on this work, and adopting a participatory approach, the concept mapping exercise conducted collaboratively with researchers from these teams and high-level decision-makers identified research themes for which studies should be carried out as a priority.
  • De Allegri Manuela, Degroote Stéphanie et Ridde Valéry (2018) « Evaluation of health financing reforms in sub-Saharan Africa » (communication orale), présenté à Final Review Workshop : AERC Collaborative Research Project on “Healthcare Financing in Africa, Port Louis, Mauritius.

  • Degroote Stéphanie, Bermudez-Tamayo Clara et Ridde Valéry (2018) « Approach to identifying research gaps on vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban settings: scoping review protocol from the VERDAS consortium and reflections on the project’s implementation », Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7 (1) (décembre). DOI : 10.1186/s40249-018-0479-3.
    Résumé : Background: This paper presents the overall approach undertaken by the "VEctor boRne DiseAses Scoping reviews" (VERDAS) consortium in response to a call issued by the Vectors, Environment and Society unit of the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases hosted by the World Health Organization. The aim of the project was to undertake a broad knowledge synthesis and identify knowledge gaps regarding the control and prevention of vector-borne diseases in urban settings. Methods: The consortium consists of 14 researchers, 13 research assistants, and one research coordinator from seven different institutions in Canada, Colombia, Brazil, France, Spain, and Burkina Faso. A six-step protocol was developed for the scoping reviews undertaken by the consortium, based on the framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley and improved by Levac et al. In the first step, six topics were identified through an international eDelphi consultation. In the next four steps, the scoping reviews were conducted. The sixth step was the VERDAS workshop held in Colombia in March 2017. Discussion: In this article, we discuss several methodological issues encountered and share our reflections on this work. We believe this protocol provides a strong example of an exhaustive and rigorous process for performing broad knowledge synthesis for any given topic and should be considered for future research initiatives and donor agendas in multiple fields to highlight research needs scientifically.
  • Degroote Stéphanie, Osorio Lyda, Parra Luis Gabriel, Garcia J. A., Torres Laura, Garcia V., Parra Beatriz, Fournet Florence, Bonnet Emmanuel, Jourdain Frédéric, Bermudez-Tamayo Clara, Marcos-Marcos J., De labry Antonio Olry, Eder Marcus, Braga Cynthia, Martelli C. M. T., Siqueira N., Cortes Fanny, Carabali Mabel, Campeau Laurence, Dagenais Christian et Ridde Valéry (2017) « Urban health interventions and vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty: an international collaboration to analyse knowledge gaps », Tropical Medicine & International Health, 22 (octobre), p. 303-303.

  • Degroote Stéphanie, Ridde Valery et De Allegri Manuela (2019) « Health Insurance in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Scoping Review of the Methods Used to Evaluate its Impact », Applied Health Economics and Health Policy (juillet 30), p. 1-16. DOI : 10.1007/s40258-019-00499-y.
    Résumé : We conducted a scoping review with the objective of synthesizing available literature and mapping what designs and methods have been used to evaluate health insurance reforms in sub-Saharan Africa. We systematically searched for scientific and grey literature in English and French published between 1980 and 2017 using a combination of three key concepts: “Insurance” and “Impact evaluation” and “sub-Saharan Africa”. The search led to the inclusion of 66 articles with half of the studies pertaining to the evaluation of National Health Insurance schemes, especially the Ghanaian one, and one quarter pertaining to Community-Based Health Insurance and Mutual Health Organization schemes. Sixty-one out of the 66 studies (92%) included were quantitative studies, while only five (8%) were defined as mixed methods. Most studies included applied an observational design (n = 37; 56%), followed by a quasi-experimental (n = 27; 41%) design; only two studies (3%) applied an experimental design. The findings of our scoping review are in line with the observation emerging from prior reviews focused on content in pointing at the fact that evidence on the impact of health insurance is still relatively weak as it is derived primarily from studies relying on observational designs. Our review did identify an increase in the use of quasi-experimental designs in more recent studies, suggesting that we could observe a broadening and deepening of the evidence base on health insurance in Africa over the next few years.

  • Degroote Stéphanie, Zinszer Kate et Ridde Valéry (2018) « Interventions for vector-borne diseases focused on housing and hygiene in urban areas: a scoping review », Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7 (1) (décembre). DOI : 10.1186/s40249-018-0477-5.
    Résumé : Background: Over half the world's human populations are currently at risk from vector-borne diseases (VBDs), and the heaviest burden is borne by the world's poorest people, communities, and countries. The aim of this study was to conduct a review on VBD interventions relevant to housing and hygiene (including sanitation and waste management) in urban areas. Main body: We conducted a scoping review, which involved systematically searching peer-reviewed and grey literature published between 2000 and 2016 using five scientific databases and one database for grey literature. Different data extraction tools were used for data coding and extraction. We assessed the quality of each study using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool and extracted descriptive characteristics and data about implementation process and transferability from all studies using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication and ASTAIRE (a tool for analyzing the transferability of health promotion interventions) tools. We reviewed 44 studies. Overall, the studies were judged to be of high risk for bias. Our results suggest multifaceted interventions, particularly community-based interventions, have the potential to achieve wider and more sustained effects than do standard vertical single-component programs. The evaluations of multifaceted interventions tend to include integrated evaluations, using not only entomological indicators but also acceptability and sustainability indicators. Conclusions: This review highlighted the important need for higher quality research in VBDs and improved and standardized reporting of interventions. Significant research gaps were found regarding qualitative research and implementation research, and results highlighted the need for more interventions focus on sanitation and hygiene practices.

  • Eder Marcus, Cortes Fanny, Teixeira de Siqueira Filha Noêmia, Araújo de França Giovanny Vinícius, Degroote Stéphanie, Braga Cynthia, Ridde Valéry et Turchi Martelli Celina Maria (2018) « Scoping review on vector-borne diseases in urban areas: transmission dynamics, vectorial capacity and co-infection », Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7 (90) (décembre), p. 1-24. DOI : 10.1186/s40249-018-0475-7.
    Résumé : Background: Transmission dynamics, vectorial capacity, and co-infections have substantial impacts on vector-borne diseases (VBDs) affecting urban and suburban populations. Reviewing key factors can provide insight into priority research areas and offer suggestions for potential interventions. Main body: Through a scoping review, we identify knowledge gaps on transmission dynamics, vectorial capacity, and co-infections regarding VBDs in urban areas. Peer-reviewed and grey literature published between 2000 and 2016 was searched. We screened abstracts and full texts to select studies. Using an extraction grid, we retrieved general data, results, lessons learned and recommendations, future research avenues, and practice implications. We classified studies by VBD and country/continent and identified relevant knowledge gaps. Of 773 articles selected for full-text screening, 50 were included in the review: 23 based on research in the Americas, 15 in Asia, 10 in Africa, and one each in Europe and Australia. The largest body of evidence concerning VBD epidemiology in urban areas concerned dengue and malaria. Other arboviruses covered included chikungunya and West Nile virus, other parasitic diseases such as leishmaniasis and trypanosomiasis, and bacterial rickettsiosis and plague. Most articles retrieved in our review combined transmission dynamics and vectorial capacity; only two combined transmission dynamics and co-infection. The review identified significant knowledge gaps on the role of asymptomatic individuals, the effects of co-infection and other host factors, and the impacts of climatic, environmental, and socioeconomic factors on VBD transmission in urban areas. Limitations included the trade-off from narrowing the search strategy (missing out on classical modelling studies), a lack of studies on co-infections, most studies being only descriptive, and few offering concrete public health recommendations. More research is needed on transmission risk in homes and workplaces, given increasingly dynamic and mobile populations. The lack of studies on co-infection hampers monitoring of infections transmitted by the same vector. Conclusions: Strengthening VBD surveillance and control, particularly in asymptomatic cases and mobile populations, as well as using early warning tools to predict increasing transmission, were key strategies identified for public health policy and practice.

  • Fournet Florence, Jourdain Frédéric, Bonnet Emmanuel, Degroote Stéphanie et Ridde Valéry (2018) « Effective surveillance systems for vector-borne diseases in urban settings and translation of the data into action: a scoping review », Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7 (99) (décembre), p. 1-18. DOI : 10.1186/s40249-018-0473-9.

  • Marcos-Marcos Jorge, Olry de Labry-Lima Antonio, Toro-Cardenas Silvia, Lacasaña Marina, Degroote Stéphanie, Ridde Valéry et Bermudez-Tamayo Clara (2018) « Impact, economic evaluation, and sustainability of integrated vector management in urban settings to prevent vector-borne diseases: a scoping review », Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7 (83) (décembre), p. 1-14. DOI : 10.1186/s40249-018-0464-x.
    Résumé : Background: The control of vector-borne diseases (VBD) is one of the greatest challenges on the global health agenda. Rapid and uncontrolled urbanization has heightened the interest in addressing these challenges through an integrated vector management (IVM) approach. The aim was to identify components related to impacts, economic evaluation, and sustainability that might contribute to this integrated approach to VBD prevention. Main body: We conducted a scoping review of available literature (2000-2016) using PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, Econlit, LILACS, Global Health Database, Scopus, and Embase, as well as Tropical Diseases Bulletin, WHOLIS, WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme, and Google Scholar. MeSH terms and free-text terms were used. A data extraction form was used, including TIDieR and ASTAIRE. MMAT and CHEERS were used to evaluate quality. Of the 42 documents reviewed, 30 were focused on dengue, eight on malaria, and two on leishmaniasis. More than a half of the studies were conducted in the Americas. Half used a quantitative descriptive approach (n=21), followed by cluster randomized controlled trials (n=11). Regarding impacts, outcomes were: a) use of measures for vector control; b) vector control; c) health measures; and d) social measures. IVM reduced breeding sites, the entomology index, and parasite rates. Results were heterogeneous, with variable magnitudes, but in all cases were favourable to the intervention. Evidence of IVM impacts on health outcomes was very limited but showed reduced incidence. Social outcomes were improved abilities and capacities, empowerment, and community knowledge. Regarding economic evaluation, only four studies performed an economic analysis, and intervention benefits outweighed costs. Cost-effectiveness was dependent on illness incidence. The results provided key elements to analyze sustainability in terms of three dimensions (social, economic, and environmental), emphasizing the implementation of a community-focused eco-bio-social approach. Conclusions: IVM has an impact on reducing vector breeding sites and the entomology index, but evidence of impacts on health outcomes is limited. Social outcomes are improved abilities and capacities, empowerment, and community knowledge. Economic evaluations are scarce, and cost-effectiveness is dependent on illness incidence. Community capacity building is the main component of sustainability, together with collaboration, institutionalization, and routinization of activities. Findings indicate a great heterogeneity in the interventions and highlight the need for characterizing interventions rigorously to facilitate transferability.

  • Osorio Lyda, Garcia Jonny Alejandro, Parra Luis Gabriel, Garcia Victor, Torres Laura, Degroote Stéphanie et Ridde Valéry (2018) « A scoping review on the field validation and implementation of rapid diagnostic tests for vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban areas », Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7 (87) (décembre), p. 1-18. DOI : 10.1186/s40249-018-0474-8.
    Résumé : Background: Health personnel face challenges in diagnosing vector-borne and other diseases of poverty in urban settings. There is a need to know what rapid diagnostic technologies are available, have been properly assessed, and are being implemented to improve control of these diseases in the urban context. This paper characterizes evidence on the field validation and implementation in urban areas of rapid diagnostics for vector-borne diseases and other diseases of poverty. Main body: A scoping review was conducted. Peer-reviewed and grey literature were searched using terms describing the targeted infectious diseases, diagnostics evaluations, rapid tests, and urban setting. The review was limited to studies published between 2000 and 2016 in English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were refined post hoc to identify relevant literature regardless of study design and geography. A total of 179 documents of the 7806 initially screened were included in the analysis. Malaria (n = 100) and tuberculosis (n = 47) accounted for the majority of studies that reported diagnostics performance, impact, and implementation outcomes. Fewer studies, assessing mainly performance, were identified for visceral leishmaniasis (n = 9), filariasis and leptospirosis (each n = 5), enteric fever and schistosomiasis (each n = 3), dengue and leprosy (each n = 2), and Chagas disease, human African trypanosomiasis, and cholera (each n = 1). Reported sensitivity of rapid tests was variable depending on several factors. Overall, specificities were high (> 80%), except for schistosomiasis and cholera. Impact and implementation outcomes, mainly acceptability and cost, followed by adoption, feasibility, and sustainability of rapid tests are being evaluated in the field. Challenges to implementing rapid tests range from cultural to technical and administrative issues. Conclusions: Rapid diagnostic tests for vector-borne and other diseases of poverty are being used in the urban context with demonstrated impact on case detection. However, most evidence comes from malaria rapid diagnostics, with variable results. While rapid tests for tuberculosis and visceral leishmaniasis require further implementation studies, more evidence on performance of current tests or development of new alternatives is needed for dengue, Chagas disease, filariasis, leptospirosis, enteric fever, human African trypanosomiasis, schistosomiasis and cholera.

  • Ouédraogo Samiratou, Degroote Stéphanie, Barro Svetlana A, Somé Paul-André, Bonnet Emmanuel et Ridde Valéry (2019) « Épidémies récurrentes de la dengue au Burkina Faso : préférences communautaires pour une intervention de prévention de la maladie. », Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique, p. S0398762019304778. DOI : 10.1016/j.respe.2019.08.002.
    Résumé : Background Community-based interventions have proven effective in several Latin American countries in controlling dengue vector Aedes aegypti and reducing the burden of the disease. However, we did not find any study reporting the assessment or implementation of such interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa. This article presents local communities’ preferences for activities as part of the implementation of a community-based intervention for dengue prevention in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) where dengue epidemics are recurrent during the rainy season. Methods A mixed-method study combining qualitative and quantitative data collection was conducted. Information from 983 households and their preferences for community-based activities for dengue prevention were collected in five neighborhoods of the city using a quantitative questionnaire. Then, 15 qualitative focus groups were organized in one of the neighborhoods that was randomly selected to receive a community-based intervention for dengue prevention. These groups were made up of 216 people representing the different socio-cultural categories: community leaders, men, women, young girls and boys. Results More than 95% of household respondents to the quantitative questionnaire found community-based interventions acceptable and/or useful: to raise awareness of mosquito-borne disease transmission, to identify and remove the mosquito breeding sites and areas favorable to the development of the adult vectors. Most participants in the focus groups, preferred outreach activities such as video/debate sessions, school and home education sessions, focus groups. They also preferred the implementation of community working groups, responsible for identifying and eliminating mosquito breeding sites in the neighborhood. However, many participants had reservations about sending preventive text messages to residents. They found it feasible but not useful since most people cannot read. Conclusion This study shows that it is important to get the local communities involved in the formulation of health prevention activities in sub-Saharan Africa where some interventions are often implemented using strategies from other continents. Résumé Position du problème Les interventions communautaires ont montré leur efficacité dans plusieurs pays de l’Amérique Latine pour contrôler Aedes aegyti, le moustique responsable de la dengue, et réduire le fardeau de la maladie. Cependant, nous n’avons pas trouvé d’écrits rapportant l’étude de telles interventions en Afrique. Cet article présente les préférences d’une communauté locale de la ville de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) pour la mise en œuvre d’une intervention communautaire de prévention de la dengue à l’origine d’épidémies récurrentes en saison pluvieuse. Méthode Une étude mixte combinant une collecte de données quantitatives et qualitatives a été réalisée. Les informations de 983 ménages et leurs préférences par rapport à des activités communautaires de lutte contre la dengue ont été collectées dans cinq quartiers de la ville à l’aide d’un questionnaire. Ensuite, 15 groupes de discussion ont été organisés dans un des quartiers qui avait été tiré au sort pour recevoir l’intervention communautaire. Ces groupes étaient formés de 216 personnes représentant les différentes catégories socioculturelles locales : leaders communautaires, hommes, femmes, jeunes filles et garçons. Résultats Plus de 95 % des ménages qui ont répondu au questionnaire quantitatif trouvaient acceptable et/ou utile la mise en œuvre d’interventions communautaires dont : la sensibilisation sur les maladies transmises par les moustiques, l’identification et l’élimination des gîtes et des endroits propices au développement des moustiques. La plupart des participants aux groupes de discussion préféraient les activités de sensibilisation organisées sous forme de séances d’animations avec vidéo/débat, de séances d’éducation à l’école et à domicile, de groupes de parole. Ils préféraient également l’établissement de groupes de travail communautaires pour identifier et éliminer les gîtes et les endroits propices au développement des moustiques dans le quartier. Cependant, de nombreux résidents ont émis des réserves sur l’envoi de messages textes de sensibilisation sur les téléphones des résidents, qu’ils jugeaient faisable mais pas utile parce que de nombreuses personnes ne savaient pas lire. Conclusion Cette étude montre qu’il est important d’associer les communautés locales à la formulation des activés de prévention en santé en Afrique Sub-saharienne où certaines interventions sont souvent mises en œuvre selon des modèles issus d’autres continents.

  • Sombié Issa, Degroote Stéphanie, Somé Paul André et Ridde Valéry (2020) « Analysis of the implementation of a community-based intervention to control dengue fever in Burkina Faso », Implementation Science, 15 (1) (mai 14), p. 32. DOI : 10.1186/s13012-020-00989-x.
    Résumé : Background A community-based dengue fever intervention was implemented in Burkina Faso in 2017. The results achieved vary from one area to another. The objective of this article is to analyze the implementation of this intervention, to better understand the process, and to explain the contextual elements of performance variations in implementation. Methodology The research was conducted in the former sector 22 of the city of Ouagadougou. We adapted the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to take into account the realities of the context and the intervention. The data collected from the participants directly involved in the implementation using three techniques: document consultation, individual interview, and focus group. Results Two dimensions of CFIR emerge from the results as having had a positive influence on the implementation: (i) the characteristics of the intervention and (ii) the processes of the intervention implementation. The majority of the CFIR constructions were considered to have had a positive effect on implementation. The quality and strength of the evidence received the highest score. The dimension of the external context had a negative influence on the implementation of the intervention. Conclusion The objective of the study was to analyze the influence of contextual elements on the implementation process of a community-based dengue fever intervention. We used the CFIR framework already used by many studies for implementation analysis. Although it was not possible to test this framework in its entirety, it is useful for the analysis of the implementation. Its use is simple and does not require any special skills from users. Usability is indeed an essential criterion for the relevance of using an analytical framework in implementation science.

  • Turenne Charlotte Pailliard, Gautier Lara, Degroote Stéphanie, Guillard Etienne, Chabrol Fanny et Ridde Valéry (2019) « Conceptual analysis of health systems resilience: A scoping review », Social Science & Medicine, 232 (juillet 1), p. 168-180. DOI : 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.04.020.
    Résumé : System resilience has long been an area of study, and the term has become increasingly used across different sectors. Studies on resilience in health systems are more recent, multiplying particularly since the 2014 Ebola epidemic in West Africa. The World Health Organization (WHO) is calling for national governments to increase the resilience of their health systems. Concepts help define research objects and guide the analysis. Yet, to be useful, concepts need to be clear and precise. We aimed to improve the conceptual understanding of health systems resilience by conducting a scoping review to describe the state of knowledge in this area. We searched for literature in 10 databases, and analyzed data using a list of themes. We evaluated the clarity and the precision of the concept of health systems resilience using Daigneault & Jacob's three dimensions of a concept: term, sense, and referent. Of the 1091 documents initially identified, 45 met the inclusion criteria. Term: multiple terms are used, switching from one to the other to speak about the same subject. Sense: there is no consensus yet on a unique definition. Referent: the magnitude and nature of events that resilient health systems face differ with context, covering a broad range of situations from sudden crisis to everyday challenges. The lack of clarity in this conceptualization hinders the expansion of knowledge, the creation of reliable analytical tools, and the effectiveness of communication. The current conceptualization of health systems resilience is too scattered to enable the enhancement of this concept with great potential, opening a large avenue for future research.
    Mots-clés : Conceptual analysis, Health systems, Health systems resilience, Resilience, Scoping review.

  • Zinszer Kate, Caprara Andrea, Lima Antonio, Degroote Stéphanie, Zahreddine Monica, Abreu Kellyanne, Carabali Mabel, Charland Katia, Dantas Mayana Azevedo, Wellington José, Parra Beatriz, Fournet Florence, Bonnet Emmanuel, Pérez Denis, Robert Emilie, Dagenais Christian, Benmarhnia Tarik, Andersson Neil et Ridde Valéry (2020) « Sustainable, healthy cities: protocol of a mixed methods evaluation of a cluster randomized controlled trial for Aedes control in Brazil using a community mobilization approach », Trials, 21 (1) (décembre). DOI : 10.21203/rs.2.9928/v3.
    Résumé : BACKGROUND: Dengue is increasing in its global presence with an estimated 4 billion people at-risk of infection in at least 128 countries. Despite the promising results of EcoHealth and community mobilization approaches to Aedes reduction, more evidence of their efficacy on reducing dengue risk is needed. The principal research question is to determine if interventions based upon community mobilization reduce the risk of dengue virus infection among children 3 to 9 years old compared to usual dengue control practice in Fortaleza, Brazil. METHODS: The present study will follow a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial (cRCT) design with randomization at the census tract level with equal allocation to the two arms. In each arm, there will be 34 clusters of 86 children between 3 to 9 years old for an expected total of 5848 children enrolled in the study, assuming a risk reduction of 29.5% based upon findings from a previous multi-site cRCT. The primary outcomes are rates of anti-dengue Immunoglobulin G (IgG) seroconversion and adult female Aedes density. The intervention is based upon a participatory health research approach, Socializing Evidence for Participatory Action (SEPA), where the research evidence is used to foster community engagement and ownership of the health issue and solution. Following allocation, intervention communities will develop and implement their own solutions that will likely include a wide variety of collective events and media approaches. Data collection activities over a period of 3 years include household visits for blood collection, household surveys, and entomological surveys; and qualitative activities including focus groups, in-depth interviews, and document analysis to evaluate the process, acceptability, fidelity, and sustainability of the intervention. Study participants will be aware of their assignment and all research staff will be blinded although the intervention assignment will likely be revealed to field staff through interaction with participants. DISCUSSION: The results of our study will provide evidence on community mobilization as an intervention for dengue control. We anticipate that if community mobilization is effective in Fortaleza, the results of this study will help develop evidence-based vector control programs in Brazil, and also in other countries struggling with Aedes-transmitted diseases. KEYWORDS: Aedes mosquitos; Brazil; Cluster randomized controlled trial; Community empowerment; Community-based intervention; Dengue; Mixed methods; Vector control
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