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Chercheurs, Enseignants-Chercheurs, Ingénieurs

ATLANI-DUAULT Laetitia

Anthropologue

Directrice de recherche HDR en anthropologie à l’IRD, et Visiting Professor de la School of Public Health de l’Université de Columbia à New York.

Axe de recherche : Axe 1 - Santé, vulnérabilités et relations de Genre au Sud

Affectation géographique et adresse :
CEPED
45 rue des Saints-Pères
75006 Paris
Courriel : laetitia.atlani-duault@ird.fr

Téléphone  : +33 1 78 94 98 70

Recherches en cours

Champs de recherche  : Anthropologie critique de l’aide humanitaire, anthropologie politique, anthropologie de la santé et de la maladie, études du développement, santé publique.

Zones géographiques étudiées  : Afrique sub-saharienne, Amérique du Nord et centrale, Asie du Sud-Est, Asie centrale, Europe.

Animations scientifiques

  • Co-Directrice de la plateforme de recherche ‘L’humanitaire dans la globalisation’ de la Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme.
  • Co-Directrice de la collection Le (bien) Commun, Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme.
  • Co-rédactrice en chef de la revue Socio.

Publications récentes



  • Atlani-Duault Laetitia, Brown Lawrence et Fried Linda (2018) « The elderly: an invisible population in humanitarian aid », The Lancet Public Health, 3 (1) (janvier), p. e14. DOI : 10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30232-3. https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2468266717302323.


  • Atlani-Duault Laetitia et Delattre François (2016) « Is Aleppo the grave of the United Nations? », The Lancet, 388 (10059), p. 2473. DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32122-5. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673616321225.

  • Atlani-Duault Laetitia, Dozon Jean-Pierre et Ruffinengo C. (2015) Per il bene degli altri : antropologia dell'aiuto umanitario, Liguori Editore, 193 p. (Uomini e Mondi). ISBN : 978-88-207-5282-8.
    Mots-clés : AIDE AU DEVELOPPEMENT, AIDE HUMANITAIRE, ALIMENTATION HUMAINE, ANTHROPISATION, ANTHROPOLOGIE, ANTHROPOLOGIE ALIMENTAIRE, ANTHROPOLOGIE DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT, ANTHROPOLOGIE DE LA SANTE, ANTHROPOLOGIE ECOLOGIQUE, ANTHROPOLOGIE POLITIQUE, ANTHROPOLOGIE SOCIALE, ASIE CENTRALE, ASSAINISSEMENT, CHANGEMENT SOCIAL, CONDITION FEMININE, COOPERATION INTERNATIONALE, DEPLACEMENT DE POPULATION, DEVELOPPEMENT COMMUNAUTAIRE, DEVELOPPEMENT DURABLE, DEVELOPPEMENT RURAL, ECOLOGIE, ENFANT, ENVIRONNEMENT, ETATS UNIS, ETHIQUE, ETUDE DE CAS, EVOLUTION, GOUVERNANCE, IDEOLOGIE, MALADIE, METHODOLOGIE, MILIEU RURAL, MILIEU URBAIN, NUTRITION, ONG, POLITIQUE DE DEVELOPPEMENT, PROJET DE DEVELOPPEMENT, RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, REFUGIE, RELATION DE GENRE, RUSSIE, SANTE, SIDA, TRANSCAUCASIE.

  • Atlani-Duault Laetitia, Dozon Jean-Pierre, Wilson Andrew, Delfraissy Jean-François et Moatti Jean-Paul (2016) « State humanitarian verticalism versus universal health coverage : a century of French international health assistance revisited », Lancet, 387, p. 2250–2262. DOI : 10/f8pz7z.
    Résumé : The French contribution to global public health over the past two centuries has been marked by a fundamental tension between two approaches: State-provided universal free health care and what we propose to call State humanitarian verticalism. Both approaches have historical roots in French colonialism and have led to successes and failures that continue until the present day. In this paper, the second in The Lancet's Series on France, we look at how this tension has evolved. During the French colonial period (1890s to 1950s), the Indigenous Medical Assistance structure was supposed to bring metropolitan France's model of universal and free public health care to the colonies, and French State imperial humanitarianism crystallised in vertical programmes inspired by Louis Pasteur, while vying with early private humanitarian activism in health represented by Albert Schweitzer. From decolonisation to the end of the Cold War (1960-99), French assistance to newly independent states was affected by sans frontierisme, Health for All, and the AIDS pandemic. Since 2000, France has had an active role in development of global health initiatives and favoured multilateral action for health assistance. Today, with adoption of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals and the challenges of non-communicable diseases, economic inequality, and climate change, French international health assistance needs new direction. In the context of current debate over global health as a universal goal, understanding and acknowledging France's history could help strengthen advocacy in favour of universal health coverage and contribute to advancing global equity through income redistribution, from healthy populations to people who are sick and from wealthy individuals to those who are poor.

  • Atlani-Duault Laetitia, Mercier A., Rousseau C., Guyot P. et Moatti Jean-Paul (2015) « Blood libel rebooted : traditional scapegoats, online media, and the H1N1 epidemic », Culture Medicine and Psychiatry, 39 (1), p. 43–61. DOI : 10.1007/s11013-014-9410-y.
    Résumé : This study of comments posted on major French print and TV media websites during the H1N1 epidemic illustrates the relationship between the traditional media and social media in responding to an emerging disease. A disturbing "geography of blame" was observed suggesting the metamorphosis of the folk-devil phenomenon to the Internet. We discovered a subterranean discourse about the putative origins and "objectives" of the H1N1 virus, which was absent from the discussions in mainstream television channels and large-circulation print media. These online rumours attributed hidden motives to governments, pharmaceutical companies, and figures of Otherness that were scapegoated in the social history of previous European epidemics, notably Freemasons and Jews.
    Mots-clés : H1N1, Pandemic, Risk perception, Rumours, Social media.

  • Copans Jean (2009) « L’anthropologie de l’aide humanitaire et du développement est bien une anthropologie globale ! (Préface) », in Anthropologie de l’aide humanitaire et du développement. Des pratiques aux savoirs, des savoirs aux pratiques, éd. par Laetitia Atlani-Duault et Laurent Vidal, Paris : A. Colin, p. 11-15. ISBN : 978-2-200-35073-4.


  • Frasca Timothy, Fauré Yves-A. et Atlani-Duault Laetitia (2018) « Decentralisation of Brazil’s HIV/AIDS programme: intended and unintended consequences », Global Public Health, 13 (12) (décembre 2), p. 1725-1736. DOI : 10/gfq94x. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17441692.2018.1455888.
    Résumé : Brazil's response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic was characterised by an innovative alliance of governmental and non-governmental actors inspired by a strong progressive tradition in public health. Brazil eventually moved to decentralise HIV/AIDS programmes to its states and cities, a policy endorsed and supported financially by the World Bank as consistent with the mix of public and private elements central to the country's HIV/AIDS strategy. However, decentralisation has not provided the results anticipated. Through interviews with key informants, government officials and patient advocates as well as observation of treatment sites, we outline how the shift of administration and resources to state and municipal bodies operated in practice. The Bank promoted decentralisation as an uncontroversial technical matter, and its programmatic guidelines implied that the nonprofit sector would be strengthened by it. However, instead of bringing HIV/AIDS policy closer to the grassroots, decentralisation has undermined the country's early work and opened the door to a rejuvenated epidemic by empowering unsympathetic local elites, marginalising the human rights focus, and removing federal oversight. Its experience holds crucial lessons for developing countries facing similar conditions. Affiliation IRD : UMR 215 (Prodig) ; UMR 196 (CEPED)

  • Freire Gonçalves V., Franco Sansigolo Kerr L.R., Salani Mota R., Maia Macena R.H., Gurgel Freire D., Brito A.M. de, Dourado I., Atlani-Duault Laetitia, Vidal Laurent et Kendall K. (2016) « Incentives and barriers to HIV testing in men who have sex with men in a metropolitan area in Brazil », Cadernos de Saude Publica, 32, p. art. e00049015 [10 p. en ligne]. DOI : 10/f9pkjw.
    Résumé : This study aimed to identify incentives and barriers to HIV testing in men who have sex with men (MSM). This was a cross-sectional study of MSM who had lived at least three months in greater metropolitan Fortaleza, Ceara State, Brazil, 2010. The study recruited 391 men &8805; 18 years of age who reported sexual relations with men in the previous six months, using Respondent Driven Sampling. Personal network and socio-demographic data were collected and HIV testing was offered, analyzed with RDSAT 6.0 and Stata 11.0. The majority were young (40.3%), had 5 to 11 years of schooling (57.3%), were single (85.1%), had low income (37.6%), and 58.1% had tested for HIV some time in life. Incentive to test: certainty of not being infected (34.1%) and the exposure to national campaign Fique Sabendo [Know your Status] (34%). Barriers: trust in partner(s) (21%) and fear of discrimination if tested positive (20.3%). Policies should be developed to ensure test confidentiality and communication campaigns focusing on information gaps and encouragement for testing.
    Mots-clés : BRESIL, FORTALEZA.


  • Morin Celine, Mercier Arnaud et Atlani-Duault Laetitia (2019) « Text–Image Relationships in Tweets: Shaping the Meanings of an Epidemic », Societies, 9 (1) (janvier 29), p. 12. DOI : 10/gfvsm5. http://www.mdpi.com/2075-4698/9/1/12.
    Résumé : 1. Background: While many studies analyze the functions that images can fulfill during humanitarian crises or catastrophes, an understanding of how meaning is constructed in text-image relationships is lacking. This article explores how discourses are produced using different types of text-image interactions. It presents a case study focusing on a humanitarian crisis, more specifically the sexual transmission of Ebola. 2. Methods: Data were processed both quantitatively and qualitatively through a keyword-based selection. Tweets containing an image were retrieved from a database of 210,600 tweets containing the words "Ebola" and "semen", in English and in French, over the course of 12 months. When this first selection was crossed with the imperative of focusing on a specific thematic (the sexual transmission of Ebola) and avoiding off-topic text-image relationships, it led to reducing the corpus to 182 tweets. 3. Results: The article proposes a four-category classification of text-image relationships. Theoretically, it provides original insights into how discourses are built in social media; it also highlights the semiotic significance of images in expressing an opinion or an emotion. 4. Conclusion: The results suggest that the process of signification needs to be rethought: Content enhancement and dialogism through images have a bearing on Twitter's use as a public sphere, such as credibilization of discourses or politicization of events. This opens the way to a new, more comprehensive approach to the rhetorics of users on Twitter.

  • Rousseau C., Moreau N., Dumas M.P., Bost I., Lefebvre S. et Atlani-Duault Laetitia (2015) « Public media communications about H1N1, risk perceptions and immunization behaviours : a Quebec-France comparison », Public Understanding of Science, 24, p. 225–240. DOI : 10/gcp32t.
    Résumé : During the H1N1 pandemic, governments tailored their communications plans in order to influence risk perception and promote public compliance with the public health plan measures. Considering the volume and the content of calls to flu information centres as indicators of the public risk perception, this mixed method study compares the relation between public communications, risk perception and immunization behaviour in Quebec and France. Results suggest that advocating for clear information and coordination between health authorities and the media promotes adherence to preventive behaviour. However, over-exaggerating the risks and minimizing the population's agency may undermine health authority credibility.
    Mots-clés : ANTHROPOLOGIE DE LA SANTE, COMMUNICATION, EPIDEMIE, GESTION DU RISQUE, MEDIA, PREVENTION SANITAIRE, QUEBEC, SYSTEME DE REPRESENTATIONS.
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