Publications des membres du Ceped

2021


  • Ky-Zerbo Odette, Desclaux Alice, Kouadio Brou Alexis, Rouveau Nicolas, Vautier Anthony, Sow Souleymane, Camara Cheick Sidi, Boye Sokhna, Pourette Dolorès, Younoussa Sidibé, Maheu-Giroux Mathieu, Larmarange Joseph et for the ATLAS Team (2021) « Introducing HIV self-testing (HIVST) among key populations in West Africa: a baseline qualitative analysis of key stakeholders' attitudes and perceptions in Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal » (poster PEC320), présenté à 11th IAS Conference on HIV Science, Berlin. https://theprogramme.ias2021.org/Abstract/Abstract/972.
    Résumé : BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a way to improve HIV status knowledge and access to HIV testing. Since 2019, the ATLAS project has introduced, promoted, and delivered HIVST in Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal, in particular among female sex workers (FSW), men who have sex with men (MSM), people who use drugs (PWUD), these key populations being particularly vulnerable to HIV and stigmatized in West Africa. Stakeholders involved in HIV testing activities targeting key populations are essential for the deployment of HIVST. Here, we analyze their perceptions of the introduction of HIVST in their countries. METHODS: A qualitative survey was conducted from September to November 2019 within three months of HIVST distribution initiation. Individual interviews were conducted with 60 stakeholders (Côte d'Ivoire, 19; Mali, 20; Senegal, 21). Semi-structured interviews were recorded, translated when necessary, and transcribed. Data were coded using Dedoose"© software for thematic analyses. RESULTS: In the three countries, stakeholders express enthusiasm and willingness to introduce HIVST for several reasons. HIVST is considered able to reduce stigma, preserve anonymity and confidentiality, especially for MSM and PWUD; reach key populations that do not access testing via usual strategies and HIV+ key populations; remove spatial barriers; save time for providers and users, notably for FSW; and empower users with autonomy and responsibility. HIVST is noninvasive and easy to use. Secondary distribution of HIVST seems appropriate for reaching partners of MSM, with confidentiality. However, stakeholders expressed doubts about key populations' ability, particularly PWUD, to correctly use HIVST kits, ensure quality secondary distribution, accept a reactive test result, and use confirmation testing and care services. They also mentioned that FSW might have difficulties redistributing HIVST to their clients and partners. CONCLUSIONS: HIVST is considered an attractive strategy to improve access to HIV testing for key populations. The doubts about users' capacities could be a matter of reflective communication with stakeholders before HIVST implementation in other western African countries.
  • Lambert Anne, Le Roux Guillaume, Baril Elodie, Bringé Arnaud, Bonvalet Catherine et Bajos Nathalie (2021) « Les mobilités résidentielles pendant la crise sanitaire : flux et déterminants. » présenté à Inserm, Les Mardis d'Epicov.

  • Lange Marie-France (2021) « La privatisation de l’éducation en Afrique de l’Ouest francophone », in Jeunesse d’ici et d'ailleurs. Récits, mobilisation, éducation et socialisation, Hommage à Suzie Guth, professeure émérite à l’Université de Strasbourg (ed. Simantoto Mafuta Apollinaire-Sam), Paris : L’Harmattan, p. 171-191. (Logiques Sociales). ISBN : 978-2-343-22276-9.

  • Lange Marie-France (2021) « Une discrète révolution sociale : la progression massive de la scolarisation des filles et des jeunes filles dans les pays du Sud », Presses de Scinces Po, 87, p. 3-33. (Autrepart). https://www.cairn.info/revue-autrepart-2018-3-page-3.htm.

  • Larmarange Joseph (2021) « Enseigner R sur YouTube en temps de Covid : retours d’expérience des webin-R » (communication orale), présenté à Journées d'étude : Compter, Mesurer, Calculer.. Raisonner ? Enseigner le quanti en sciences sociales dans le supérieur : pratiques et défis", Nantes. https://quanti.hypotheses.org/2157.
    Résumé : En raison du contexte sanitaire, plusieurs formations intensives sur l’analyse d’enquêtes avec R et RStudio à destination de mastorants, doctorants et post-doctorants en sciences sociales que je devais animer en France et en Afrique de l’Ouest ont dues être annulées ou reportées. En réponse, a été mis en place à partir de novembre 2019 un webinaire en ligne hebdomadaire d’enseignement à R : les webin-R. Face à la demande (plus de 400 inscrits à la mailing liste dédiée mise en place début novembre 2020), il a été choisi de diffuser le webin-R en live sur YouTube, avec possibilité de visionnage en différé. Les séances durent entre 1h30 et 2h. L’intervenant partage son écran pour tester le code R en direct et permettre aux participants de visualiser l’interface RStudio. Comme les interactions avec les participants sont limitées (uniquement le chat YouTube pendant le live), des sessions interactives du type Foire aux questions (FAQ) sont organisées sur Zoom tous les 4 à 6 séances, enregistrées et rediffusées sur YouTube. YouTube a également été choisi pour sa facilité d’utilisation, sa bande passante élevée (notamment pour les spectateurs africains) et la possibilité de visionner les vidéos dans différentes qualités (dont en HD 1080p, indispensable pour que la capture d’écran et le code R soient bien lisibles). La captation vidéo est réalisée avec le service https://streamyard.com/ qui permet un flux video live en 1080p, le suivi en direct du chat et la possibilité d’afficher à l’image des commentaires choisis par l’intervenant. Les webin-R s’accompagnent d’une mailing listes dédiée, d’une chaîne YouTube et d’un site d’accompagnement (https://larmarange.github.io/webin-R/) où pour chaque séance sont fournies des ressources additionnelles, notamment les scripts R des séances et des liens vers des chapitres analyse-R (https://larmarange.github.io/analyse-R/), une sorte de manuel pratique en ligne existant depuis une dizaine d’années (les contenus correspondent à l’équivalent d’un ouvrage de plus de 1200 pages et le site enregistre ~50 000 pages vues par mois). L’ensemble des contenus des webin-R et d’analyse-R sont accessibles gratuitement et sous licence libre Creative Commons. Les webin-R n’ont pas pour vocation d’enseigner les statistiques proprement dites mais plutôt comment réaliser des statistiques avec les logiciels R et RStudio. Ils se focalisent sur la mise en œuvre pratique, l’objectif étant de donner les clés de départ pour permettre aux participants de pouvoir continuer à s’autoformer par la suite. Au 1er mars 2021, la chaîne YouTube des webinaires totalisait 485 abonnés, 11 vidéos (9 webin-R et 2 FAQ) et 8213 vues. Selon les données analytiques des 90 derniers jours : le nombre moyen de vue par spectateur est de 4,0 et les abonnés représentent 48% des vues. Mi-février 2021, après les neuf premières séances, une enquête a été mené auprès des participants aux webin-R. Il s’agissait d’un questionnaire en ligne dont la promotion a été réalisée via la liste de diffusion : 152 questionnaires complets ont été reçus. Les répondants étaient en majorité des hommes (61%). Ils étaient âgés de 33 ans en médiane (IQR : 28-41). Les deux tiers (64%) résident en France, 31% en Afrique francophone. Ils relèvent de situations diverses : étudiant·e·s en licence (1%), mastorant·e·s (16%), doctorant·e·s (29%), post-doctorant·e·s (5%), ingénieur·e·s de recherche (15%), chercheur·e·s ou enseignant-chercheur·e·s (14%), personnes travaillant dans le secteur privé (19%). Les disciplines sont toutes aussi variées : épidémiologie (19%), sociologie (15%), démographie (14%), économie (11%), statistique (9%), géographie (6%), … En termes de participation, on observe un léger phénomène de fatigue, avec un taux de participation de 80-90% pour les premières séances et de 61-76% pour les dernières séances. Surtout, la proportion suivant les séances en direct a diminué au profit d’un suivi en différé. Parmi les points forts mentionnés par les participants : visualisation en direct de la mise en œuvre du code via l’écran partagé ; la mise à disposition des scripts et de ressources en ligne ; l’approche pratique et pragmatique ; le fait que les vidéos et les ressources soient en français ; la possibilité de revoir les vidéos en différé ; l’existence du site analyse-R en complément des vidéos (78% l’utilisent régulièrement) ; l’existence de sessions FAQ… Parmi les points faibles sont mentionnés : l’absence d’exercice ; la non-possibilité de valider des crédits d’enseignement ; le fait que toutes les explications données pendant les vidéos ne sont pas forcément reprises sur analyse-R ; le souhait de plus d’applications concrètes sur des données existantes ; un temps insuffisant consacré à l’interprétation des résultats ; une organisation et structuration des sessions FAQ à améliorer… Une enquête complémentaire est prévue en mai 2021. La présentation portera sur les leçons apprises de l’expérience des webin-R, ses atouts et ses limites.

  • Larmarange Joseph (2021) « From Key Populations to beyond : using HIV self-testing to increasingly reach vulnerable groups in West-Africa » (communication orale), présenté à 11th IAS Conference on HIV Science, Berlin. https://theprogramme.ias2021.org/Programme/Session/163.

  • Larmarange Joseph (2021) « Initier la communauté de recherche à l’analyse d’enquêtes avec R et RStudio : retours d’expériences d’analyse-R et des webin-R » (communication orale), présenté à Semaine Data SHS 2021, Paris. https://progedo.hypotheses.org/1787.

  • Larmarange Joseph, Ludecke Daniel, Wickham Hadley, Bojanowski Michal et Briatte François (2021) Labelled: Manipulating Labelled Data, version 2.9.0. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=labelled.
    Résumé : Work with labelled data imported from 'SPSS' or 'Stata' with 'haven' or 'foreign'. This package provides useful functions to deal with "haven_labelled" and "haven_labelled_spss" classes introduced by 'haven' package.
  • Larmarange Joseph et pour l'équipe ATLAS (2021) « Au-delà des populations clés : la distribution secondaire de kits d’autodépistage du VIH en Afrique de l’Ouest » (communication orale (symposium ATLAS), présenté à 21st ICASA conference, Durban.

  • Larmarange Joseph et Sjoberg Daniel D. (2021) Broom.helpers: Helpers for Model Coefficients Tibbles, version 1.5.0. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=broom.helpers.
    Résumé : Provides suite of functions to work with regression model 'broom::tidy()' tibbles. The suite includes functions to group regression model terms by variable, insert reference and header rows for categorical variables, add variable labels, and more.


  • Larzillière Pénélope, Chiara Calabrese Erminia, Grajales Jacobo, Manrique Gabriela, Napolitano Valentina et Ruiz de Elvira Laura (2021) « Engagements et désengagements combattants. Les émotions comme outil d’analyse: », Critique internationale, 91 (2) (avril 27), p. 163-181. DOI : 10.3917/crii.091.0166. https://www.cairn.info/revue-critique-internationale-2021-2-page-163.htm?ref=doi.


  • Larzillière Pénélope et Grajales Jacobo, ss la dir. de (2021) Les émotions politiques des combattants, entre guerre et paix, Vol., 91, Paris, France : Presses de Sciences Po, 198 p. ISBN : 978-2-7246-3674-1. https://www.cairn.info/revue-critique-internationale-2021-2.htm?contenu=sommaire.
    Résumé : Comment envisager la prégnance des émotions politiques en temps de guerre ? À rebours de tout irrationalisme émotionnel, nous analysons leur intrication avec des représentations du juste et de l’injuste, en nous appuyant sur la notion de « sentiment moral », expression conjointe d’un affect et d’un jugement axiologique. Ces sentiments moraux sont marqués par le rapport à la violence, l’expérience du combat et le retour du front, et dans certains cas la sortie de conflit. Ils se construisent dans des enchâssements discontinus de réseaux combattants, militants, familiaux et professionnels, et leur expression éclaire un rapport complexe au politique, qui va de formes de légitimation de la violence aux reconfigurations des engagements armés. Cette proposition théorique est ici mise en application à partir de recherches menées auprès de combattants et ex-combattants en Turquie et en Syrie, au Liban, en Jordanie, en Côte d’Ivoire, et au Pakistan.


  • Larzillière Pénélope et Grajales Jacobo (2021) « Les émotions politiques des (ex-)combattants. Pour une sociologie des sentiments moraux », Critique internationale, 91 (2) (juin 3), p. 9-22. DOI : 10/gpffps. https://www.cairn.info/revue-critique-internationale-2021-2-page-9.htm?ref=doi.


  • Le Guen Mireille, Schantz Clémence, Régnier-Loilier Arnaud et de La Rochebrochard Elise (2021) « Reasons for rejecting hormonal contraception in Western countries: A systematic review », Social Science & Medicine, 284 (septembre), p. 114247. DOI : 10/gmdh9v. https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0277953621005797.
    Résumé : Over the past decade, women in Western countries have taken to various social media platforms to share their dissatisfactory experiences with hormonal contraception, which may be pills, patches, rings, injectables, implants or hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs). These online testimonials have been denounced as spreading “hormonophobia”, i.e. an excessive fear of hormones based on irrational causes such as an overestimation of health risks associated with their use, that was already aroused by the recurring media controversies over hormonal contraception. In order to move toward a reproductive justice framework, we propose to study the arguments that women and men (as partners of female users) recently put forward against hormonal contraception to see whether they are related to hormonophobia. The aim of this article is to conduct a systematic review of the recent scientific literature in order to construct an evidence-based typology of reasons for rejecting hormonal contraception, in a continuum perspective from complaints to choosing not to use it, cited by women and men in Western countries in a recent time. The published literature was systematically searched using PubMed and the database from the French National Institute for Demographic Studies (Ined). A total of 42 articles were included for full-text analysis. Eight main categories emerged as reasons for rejecting hormonal contraception: problems related to physical side effects; altered mental health; negative impact on sexuality; concerns about future fertility; invocation of nature; concerns about menstruation; fears and anxiety; and the delegitimization of the side effects of hormonal contraceptives. Thus, arguments against hormonal contraception appeared complex and multifactorial. Future research should examine the provider-patient relationship, the gender bias of hormonal contraception and demands for naturalness in order to understand how birth control could better meet the needs and expectations of women and men in Western countries today.


  • Lefort-Rieu Claire et Minfegue Calvin (2021) « Quand l’aide internationale renforce la présence de l’État aux marges de son territoire. Le cas de l’assistance aux réfugiés centrafricains à l’Est-Cameroun », Cahiers d'études africaines, 244 (novembre 29), p. 777-797. DOI : 10/gnpdzj. http://journals.openedition.org/etudesafricaines/35599.
    Résumé : Dans la région frontalière entre le Cameroun et la République centrafricaine (RCA), les mouvements de population ont longtemps fait partie intégrante du paysage politique et économique. Avec la formalisation des frontières — coloniales puis nationales —, ces mouvements acquièrent le statut de migrations internationales, sujettes à des formes de contrôle et de régulation. Pourtant, ces dynamiques ne se trouvent remises en cause que récemment, via une conjonction de facteurs liés aux violences en RCA et à « l’humanitarisation » des flux migratoires que celles-ci provoquent. L’aide internationale en faveur des réfugiés dans la zone, initiée en 2013, permet ainsi de renforcer et de rendre visible une frontière longtemps poreuse et d’intégrer des marges périphériques au sein du territoire national camerounais.


  • Legrand Florian, Eychene Jean-Marc, Audiffren Julien, Klein Armelle, Labourdette C., Nicolaï Alice, Sandron Frederic et Vidal Piere-paul (2021) « Description of Participants in the “Atout Age Mobility” Prevention Workshops at the University Hospital Center of La Reunion: A Prospective Study », The journal of nutrition, health & aging (février 16). DOI : 10.1007/s12603-021-1604-8. http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12603-021-1604-8.
    Résumé : Introduction As the population ages, loss of autonomy is becoming a priority public health issue. "Atout Age Mobility" prevention interventions for seniors aim to limit frailty, which is a predictive and reversible factor in the loss of autonomy and disability. Objectives The objective of this study is to describe the impact of these interventions on the physical performance and quality of life of a pilot sample of participants. Design We conducted a prospective study named 5P PILOT with 3 months of follow up. Settings Subjects were recruited by convenience sampling from participants in the "Atout Age Mobility" workshops at Saint Joseph from 04/09/2017 to 29/01/2019. Participants Retired people over 55 years old with no contraindications to physical activity recruited from participants in the "Atout Age Mobility" workshops in Saint Joseph. Intervention(s) (for clinical trials) or Exposure(s) (for observational studies): All participants completed 12 weeks of physical exercise called the "Atout Age Mobility" workshop, which lasted 60 minutes each week and was supervised by physical activity coaches. Main Outcome(s) and Measure(s) Physical performance was assessed by Short physical performance battery (SPPB), 10-m gait speed and grip strength measurement. Quality of life through the SF-36 test. Results Ninety-six patients were included and 55 (57.3%) completed the study. There was a significant improvement in gait speed (1.35 +/- 0.26m/s vs. 1.27 +/- 0.24m/s; p=0.008). There was no significant change in SF-36, grip strength dominant arm and SPPB at the 0.01 significance level. Conclusion The "Atout Ages Mobility" workshops seem to significantly improve gait speed but not other aspects of physical performance or quality of life.


  • Legrand Florian, Eychene Jean-Marc, Audiffren Julien, Klein Armelle, Labourdette Christophe, Nicolaï Alice, Sandron Frédéric et Vidal Pierre-Paul (2021) « The 5P program, personalized and participatory primary prevention pathway: Rational and design of a clinical trial in general practice », Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 22 (juin), p. 100786. DOI : 10.1016/j.conctc.2021.100786. https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2451865421000879.
    Résumé : The aging of the population is leading to an increase in the number of people with loss of autonomy, placing a strain on the health care system. Its prevention at early stages such as the frailty stage would allow an improvement in the quality of life of seniors while limiting health care expenses. The “Atout Age” prevention program set up by the health public authorities of Reunion Island for retired people and the new frailty assessment tools based on mathematical machine learning algorithms could improve the ambulatory care of senior citizens. At present, referral care remains hospital with comprehensive geriatric assessment and there is a lack of evidence of the effectiveness of a prevention pathway for loss of autonomy in primary care. For these reasons, the 5P program “Personalized and Participative Primary Prevention Pathway” has been started in order to obtain scientific evidence. In this article, we present the objectives, design and first results, used in the 5P program up to the implementation of a clinical trial in general practice. The program is articulated in 3 phases. A first phase to evaluate the acceptability of innovative screening tools for frailty. A second pilot phase evaluates the feasibility of a large-scale ambulatory clinical trial in general practice. The last phase described in this article, is a multisite, pseudo-randomized, controlled clinical trial measuring the impact of the “Atout Age” workshops on the physical performance and the quality of life of seniors compared with their usual ambulatory follow-up.
  • Leservoisier Olivier (2021) « Recherches au sein de mouvements sociaux de descendants d’esclaves en Mauritanie et d’associations de migrants aux Etats-Unis : conditions et enjeux de la participation » (Communication orale), présenté à , Ceped, Paris.
  • leservoisier Olivier (2021) « Altérités et processus de catégorisation chez les migrants haalpulaaren vivant dans les quartiers afro-américains aux Etats-Unis » (communication orale), présenté à Séminaire organisé par G. Ciarcia sur la notion d’exotisme et ses usages, Campus Condorcet, Aubervilliers.


  • Lim Jacqueline K., Carabali Mabel, Edwards Tansy, Barro Ahmed, Lee Jung-Seok, Dahourou Desire, Lee Kang Sung, Nikiema Teguewende, Shin Mee Young, Bonnet Emmanuel, Kagone Therese, Kaba Losseni, Namkung Suk, Somé Paul-André, Yang Jae Seung, Ridde Valery, Yoon In-Kyu, Alexander Neal et Seydou Yaro (2021) « Estimating the Force of Infection for Dengue Virus Using Repeated Serosurveys, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso », Emerging Infectious Diseases, 27 (01) (janvier), p. 130-139. DOI : 10.3201/eid2701.191650. https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/27/01/19-1650_article.htm.
    Résumé : Because of limited data on dengue virus in Burkina Faso, we conducted 4 consecutive age-stratified longitudinal serologic surveys, ≈6 months apart, among persons 1–55 years of age, during June 2015–March 2017, which included a 2016 outbreak. The seroconversion rate before the serosurvey enrollment was estimated by binomial regression, taking age as the duration of exposure, and assuming constant force of infection (FOI) over age and calendar time. We calculated FOI between consecutive surveys and rate ratios for potentially associated characteristics based on seroconversion using the duration of intervals. Among 2,897 persons at enrollment, 66.3% were IgG-positive, and estimated annual FOI was 5.95%. Of 1,269 enrollees participating in all 4 serosurveys, 438 were IgG-negative at enrollment. The annualized FOI ranged from 10% to 20% (during the 2016 outbreak). Overall, we observed high FOI for dengue. These results could support decision-making about control and preventive measures for dengue.


  • Loenzien Myriam de, Mac Quoc Nhu Hung et Dumont Alexandre (2021) « Women’s empowerment and elective cesarean section for a single pregnancy: a population-based and multivariate study in Vietnam », BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 21 (1) (janvier 4), p. 1-12. DOI : 10.1186/s12884-020-03482-x. https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12884-020-03482-x.
    Résumé : Background Women’s empowerment, and maternal and neonatal health are important targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. Our objective is to examine the relationship between women’s empowerment and elective cesarean section (ECS), focusing on Vietnam, a country where the use of CS has increased rapidly in recent decades, which raises public health concerns. Methods We hypothesized that in the context of the developing biomedicalization of childbirth, women’s empowerment increases the use of ECS due to a woman’s enhanced ability to decide her mode of delivery. By using microdata from the 2013–2014 Multiple Indicator Clusters Survey, we conducted a multivariate analysis of the correlates of ECS. We studied a representative sample of 1343 institutional single birth deliveries. Due to higher ECS rates among multiparous (18.4%) than primiparous women (10.1%) and the potential interaction between parity and other correlates, we used separate models for primiparous and multiparous women. Results Among the indicators of women’s external resources, which include a higher level of education, having worked during the previous 12 months, and having one’s own mobile phone, only education differed between primiparous and multiparous women, with a higher level among primiparous women. Among primiparous women, no resource indicator was significantly linked to ECS. However, considering women’s empowerment facilitated the identification of the negative impact of having had fewer than 3 antenatal care visits on the use of ECS. Among multiparous women, disapproval of intimate partner violence (IPV) was associated with a doubled likelihood of undergoing ECS (odds ratio = 2.415), and living in an urban area also doubled the likelihood of ECS. The positive association with living in the richest household quintile was no longer significant when attitude towards IPV was included in the model. In both groups, being aged 35 or older increased the likelihood of undergoing ECS, and this impact was stronger in primiparous women. Conclusions These results underline the multidimensionality of empowerment, its links to other correlates and its contribution to clarifying the influence of these correlates, particularly for distinguishing between medical and sociocultural determinants. The results advocate for the integration of women's empowerment into policies aimed at reducing ECS rates.


  • Louart Sarah, Bonnet Emmanuel, Kadio Kadidiatou et Ridde Valéry (2021) « How could patient navigation help promote health equity in sub-Saharan Africa? A qualitative study among public health experts », Global Health Promotion, 28 (1_suppl) (mars), p. 75-85. DOI : 10.1177/1757975920980723. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1757975920980723.
    Résumé : The indigents have long been excluded from health policies in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite recent efforts by some countries to allow them free access to health services, they face a multitude of non-financial barriers that prevent them from accessing care. Interventions to address the multiple patient-level barriers to care, such as patient navigation interventions, could help reverse this trend. However, our scoping review showed that no navigation interventions in low-income countries targeted the indigents. The objective of this qualitative study is, therefore, to go beyond the lack of evidence and discuss relevant approaches to act in favor of health care equity. We interviewed 22 public health experts with the objective of finding out which actions related to patient navigation programs (identified in the scoping review for other target groups) could be relevant and/or adapted for the indigents. For each ability to access care described by Levesque and colleagues, we were thus able to list the potential opportunities and challenges of implementing each type of action for the indigents in sub-Saharan Africa. Overall, the experts all felt that patient navigation programs were very relevant to implement for the indigents. They emphasized the need for personalized follow-up and for holistic actions to consider the whole context of the situation of indigence. The recommendations made by the experts are valuable in guiding political decision-making, while leaving room for adaptation of the proposed guidelines according to different contexts.
  • Manac'h Léopoldine (2021) « “Pouvons-nous être amis ?” Nommer la relation entre bénévoles et exilés dans un Prahda », in Les camps de Babel, Inalco, Paris.


  • Manac'h Léopoldine (2021) « Christophe Broqua (dir.). "Se mobiliser contre le sida en Afrique : sous la santé globale, les luttes associatives", Paris, L’Harmattan, 2018, 372 pages. », Critique Internationale, 90 (1), p. 197-200. DOI : 10.3917/crii.090.0200. http://www.cairn.info/revue-critique-internationale-2021-1-page-197.htm?ref=doi.
  • Manac'h Léopoldine (2021) « La police des migrants. Filtrer, disperser, harceler », Carnets de géographes - Babels, 15.

  • Manac'h Léopoldine et Huët Romain (2021) « Les dispositifs d’écoute et la dépolitisation de la souffrance », in De si violentes fatigues. Les devenirs politiques de l’épuisement politique, Paris : PUF. ISBN : 978-2-13-082892-1.
  • Manac'h Léopoldine et Yahiaoui Amira (2021) « L’enfermement des personnes étrangères en France : une clinique du hors-lieu ? Perspectives comparatives entre psychanalyse et anthropologie », Recherches en psychanalyse, 31.


  • Manoufi D., Kabore W.C., Yahannon C.N., Dumont Alexandre et Ridde Valery (2021) « Amélioration de l’offre et de la demande de soins de santé maternelle et infantile au Tchad : une étude quasi-expérimentale », Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique (mai), p. S0398762021002157. DOI : 10.1016/j.respe.2021.04.137. https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0398762021002157.


  • Martin-Fernandez Judith, Aromatario Olivier, Prigent Ollivier, Porcherie Marion, Ridde Valéry et Cambon Linda (2021) « Evaluation of a knowledge translation strategy to improve policymaking and practices in health promotion and disease prevention setting in French regions: TC-REG, a realist study », BMJ Open, 11 (9), p. e045936. DOI : 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045936. https://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045936.
    Résumé : Objective This paper presents the results of a realist evaluation of a knowledge translation (KT) intervention implemented in the field of health promotion and disease prevention at the local level in France. Design Realist evaluation study. Setting The target population comprised decision-makers and field professionals working in prevention and public health services operating in regions of France (ie, ARS (Agence Régionale de Santé: regional health agency), IREPS (Instance Régionale d'Education et de Promotion de la Santé pour tous: regional organisation for health promotion and education) and their partners). Participants This evaluation was based on data collected from 2 seminars, 82 interviews, 18 observations and 4 focus groups over 18 months. Intervention The TC-REG intervention aimed to increase the use of evidence in cancer prevention, health promotion and disease prevention across four geographical regions in France. The intervention combined various activities: Supporting access to and adaptation of usable evidence, strengthening professionals’ skills in analysing, adopting and using policy briefs, and facilitating the use of evidence in organisations and processes. Results The collected data was used to define favourable/unfavourable contexts for the use of scientific data and mechanisms to be activated to encourage the use of scientific knowledge. From these raw results eight final refined middle-range theories were defined. Organised around the mechanisms to be activated, these middle-range theories illustrate how to activate knowledge and under what conditions. These analyses provided a basis for the production of seven operational and contextualised recommendations to develop KT to inform regional policymaking regarding health promotion and disease prevention. Conclusion The results obtained from the analyses led us to formulate two perspectives of an operational nature for the benefit of those involved in prevention and health promotion.


  • Mathevet Isadora, Ost Katarina, Traverson Lola, Ridde Valery et Zinszer Kate (2021) « Accounting for health inequities in the design of contact tracing interventions: a rapid review », MedRxiv (mars 3), p. 2021.03.01.21252692. DOI : 10.1101/2021.03.01.21252692. https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.03.01.21252692v1.
    Résumé : Contact tracing has been a central COVID-19 transmission control measure. However, without the consideration of the needs of specific populations, public health interventions can exacerbate health inequities. Purpose: The purpose of this rapid review was to determine if and how health inequities were included in the design of contact tracing interventions in epidemic settings. Method: We conducted a search of the electronic databases MEDLINE and Web of Science. Our inclusion criteria included articles that: (i) described the design of contact tracing interventions, (ii) have been published between 2013 and 2020 in English, French, Spanish, Chinese, or Portuguese, (iii) and included at least 50% of empiricism, according to the Automated Classifier of Texts on Scientific Studies (ATCER) tool. We relied on various tools to extract data. Result: Following the titles and abstracts screening of 230 articles, 39 articles met the inclusion criteria. Only seven references were retained after full text review. None of the selected studies considered health inequities in the design of contact tracing interventions. Conclusion: The use of tools/concepts for incorporating health inequities, such as the REFLEX-ISS tool, and 9proportionate universalism9 when designing contact tracing interventions, would enable practitioners, decision makers, and researchers to better consider health inequities.</p>


  • Mathevet Isadora, Ost Katarina, Traverson Lola, Zinszer Kate et Ridde Valéry (2021) « Accounting for health inequities in the design of contact tracing interventions: a rapid review », International Journal of Infectious Diseases (mars 11), p. S1201971221002277. DOI : 10.1016/j.ijid.2021.03.010. https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1201971221002277.
    Résumé : Context Contact tracing has been a central COVID-19 transmission control measure. However, without the consideration of the needs of specific populations, public health interventions can exacerbate health inequities. Purpose The purpose of this rapid review was to determine if and how health inequities were included in the design of contact tracing interventions in epidemic settings. Method We conducted a search of the electronic databases MEDLINE and Web of Science. Our inclusion criteria included articles that: (i) described the design of contact tracing interventions, (ii) have been published between 2013 and 2020 in English, French, Spanish, Chinese, or Portuguese, (iii) and included at least 50% of empiricism, according to the Automated Classifier of Texts on Scientific Studies (ATCER) tool. We relied on various tools to extract data. Result Following the titles and abstracts screening of 230 articles, 39 articles met the inclusion criteria. Only seven references were retained after full text review. None of the selected studies considered health inequities in the design of contact tracing interventions. Conclusion The use of tools/concepts for incorporating health inequities, such as the REFLEX-ISS tool, and “proportionate universalism” when designing contact tracing interventions, would enable practitioners, decision makers, and researchers to better consider health inequities.


  • Mc Sween-Cadieux Esther, Chabot Catherine, Fillol Amandine, Saha Trisha et Dagenais Christian (2021) « Use of infographics as a health-related knowledge translation tool: protocol for a scoping review », BMJ Open, 11 (6) (juin), p. e046117. DOI : 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046117. https://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046117.
    Résumé : Introduction Efforts to bridge the know–do gap have paved the way for development of the field of knowledge translation (KT). KT aims to understand how evidence use can best be promoted and supported through different activities. For dissemination activities, infographics are gaining in popularity as a promising KT tool to reach multiple health research users (eg, health practitioners, patients and families, decision-makers). However, to our knowledge, no study has yet mapped the available evidence on this tool using a systematic method. This scoping review will explore the depth and breadth of evidence on infographics use and its effectiveness in improving research uptake (eg, raising awareness, influencing attitudes, increasing knowledge, informing practice and changing behaviour). Methods and analysis We will use the scoping review methodological framework first proposed by Arksey and O’Malley (2005), improved by Levac et al , and further refined by the Joanna Briggs Institute (2020). The search will be conducted in MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsycINFO, Social Science Abstracts, Library and Information Science Abstracts, Education Resources Information Center, Cairn and Google Scholar. We will also search for relevant literature from the reference lists of the included publications. Two independent reviewers will select the studies. All study designs will be eligible for inclusion, with no date or publication status restrictions. The included studies will have evaluated infographics that disseminate health research evidence and target a non-scientific audience. A data extraction form will be developed and used to extract and chart the data, which will then be synthesised to present a descriptive summary of the results. Ethics and dissemination Ethics approval is not required. To inform the research and KT communities, various dissemination activities will be developed, including user-friendly KT tools (eg, webinars, fact sheets and infographics), open-access publication and presentations at KT events and conferences.


  • Melchior M., Desgrées du Loû Annabel, Gosselin Anne, Datta G. D., Carabali M., Merckx J. et Kaufman J. S. (2021) « À quand une prise en compte des disparités ethnoraciales vis-à-vis de l’infection à COVID-19 en France ? », Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique (février). DOI : 10.1016/j.respe.2021.01.006. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0398762021000456.


  • Mensah Keitly, Kaboré Charles, Zeba Salifou, Bouchon Magali, Duchesne Véronique, Pourette Dolorès, DeBeaudrap Pierre et Dumont Alexandre (2021) « Implementation of HPV-based screening in Burkina Faso: lessons learned from the PARACAO hybrid-effectiveness study », BMC Women's Health, 21 (1) (décembre), p. 251. DOI : 10.1186/s12905-021-01392-4. https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12905-021-01392-4.
    Résumé : Abstract Background Cervical cancer screening in sub-Saharan countries relies on primary visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA). Primary human papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening is considered a promising alternative. However, the implementation and real-life effectiveness of this strategy at the primary-care level in limited-resource contexts remain under explored. In Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, free HPV-based screening was implemented in 2019 in two primary healthcare centers. We carried out a process and effectiveness evaluation of this intervention. Methods Effectiveness outcomes and implementation indicators were assessed through a cohort study of screened women, observations in participating centers, individual interviews with women and healthcare providers and monitoring reports. Effectiveness outcomes were screening completeness and women’s satisfaction. Logistic regression models and concurrent qualitative analysis explored how implementation variability, acceptability by women and the context affected effectiveness outcomes. Results After a 3-month implementation period, of the 350 women included in the cohort, 94% completed the screening, although only 26% had their screening completed in a single visit as planned in the protocol. The proportion of highly satisfied women was higher after result disclosure (95%) than after sampling (65%). A good understanding of the screening results and recommendations increased screening completeness and women’s satisfaction, while time to result disclosure decreased satisfaction. Adaptations were made to fit healthcare workers’ workload. Conclusion Free HPV-based screening was successfully integrated within primary care in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, leading to a high level of screening completeness despite the frequent use of multiple visits. Future implementation in primary healthcare centers needs to improve counseling and reduce wait times at the various steps of the screening sequence.


  • Mercier Paul et Copans Jean (2021) Dakar dans les années 1950, 336 p. (Le regard de l'ethnologue). ISBN : 978-2-7355-0924-9. http://cths.fr/ed/edition.php?id=7765#.


  • Meyer Jean-Baptiste (2021) « La diaspora est-elle (vraiment) un creuset de créativité ? », Hommes & migrations, 1332 (janvier 1), p. 127-133. DOI : 10/gntt9b. http://journals.openedition.org/hommesmigrations/12269.

  • Meyer, Jean-Baptiste (2021) Université et durabilité : état de la littérature, Marseille : IRD, 2 p. https://ent.ird.fr/share/proxy/alfresco/slingshot/node/content/workspace/SpacesStore/2136d235-1532-4766-b188-a3dca5f8a057/Science%20de%20la%20durabilit%c3%a9%20R%c3%a9f%c3%a9rences%202%20-%20Universit%c3%a9%20et%20durabilit%c3%a9.pdf.

  • Mick Carola (2021) « Regímenes culturales-naturales en Perú y aprendizajes para la sustentabilidad » présenté à 3as. Jornadas académicas sobre el día mundial del medio ambiente: Aproximaciones multi e interdisciplinarias, juin 9, UAEM, Cuernavaca, México. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rRLjc_poB5w.

  • Mick Carola (2021) « Intercultural dynamics and educational politics in Peru - dynamiques interculturelles et politique éducative au Pérou » (présenté à Colloque du CCERBAL 2021), in Bilingualism and beyond - Le bilinguisme et au-delà : Faire avancer la réflexion sur les pédagogies, les politiques et les pratiques, Ottawa, Canada : CCERBAL. https://ccerbal2020.sciencesconf.org/.


  • Mick Carola, Bisio Natalia, Kleiche-Dray Mina et Oraisón Mercedes (2021) « Introducción: Dossier Metodologías participativas alternativas o contrahegemónicas: otros modos de vivir, hacer y conocer », De prácticas y discursos. Cuadernos de ciencias sociales, 10 (15), p. 1-8. DOI : 10.30972/dpd.10154805. http://revistas.unne.edu.ar/index.php/dpd/issue/view/531/showToc.
    Résumé : En 1960 y 1970, en el contexto de las teorías de la liberación y el pensamiento crítico latinoamericano, surgen diversas propuestas de hacer ciencia y construir conocimiento, alternativas a las formas hegemónicas, que se fueron consolidando como una contracorriente a las explicaciones dominantes de los procesos económicos y sociales. Bajo el lema acuñado por Fals Borda: “O ciencia rebelde, nueva, constructiva, o ciencia de segunda clase, imitativa y desadaptada”, lxs investigadorxs comprometidxs con el cambio social buscaron producir conocimiento práctico y socialmente útil, al margen de los temas impuestos por las agencias de ciencia y tecnología. Se planteó un acercamiento a la cultura y los conocimientos populares y se incorporó a lxs actorxs sociales como co-responsables de los procesos de investigación. El efecto que se quería producir era la toma de conciencia y la reflexión crítica sobre las relaciones de dominación y dependencia que involucraban tanto a lxs actorxs sociales como a lxs académicxs.

  • Mick Carola et Garatea Grau Carlos (2021) « Cultura institucional y diálogo intercultural: la consulta previa en Perú », in Perspectivas antropológicas de la consulta indígena, éd. par Alejandro Diez Hurtado, Lima, Pérou : PUCP, p. 79-108. ISBN : 978-612-4355-09-7.


  • Mick Carola (2021) « Regímenes naturales-culturales de contacto: dinámicas discursivas en el contacto de lenguas en el Perú », in Traspasando lo lingüístico: factores esenciales en el contacto de lenguas, éd. par Sara Gómez Seibane, María Sánchez Paraíso, et Azucena Palacios Alcaine, Madrid Frankfurt am Main : Iberoamericana Vervuert, p. 187-205. (Lengua y sociedad en el mundo hispánico). ISBN : 978-84-9192-228-5 978-3-96869-234-0. https://www.iberoamericana-vervuert.es/FichaLibro.aspx?P1=197911.

  • Mick Carola (2021) « Ñuqanchik – ñoqaykuna – ñukanchikuna – nosotros: posicionarse como “quechua” en el Perú », in Dinámicas lingüísticas de las situaciones de contacto., éd. par Azucena Palacios et María Sánchez Paraíso, Berlin/Boston : De Gruyter, 1: p. 195‑229. (Lingüística Latinoamericana). ISBN : 978-3-11-070125-8.


  • Mick Carola (2021) « Los usos de pronombres átonos de actores de la Consulta Previa en el Perú », in Prácticas lingüísticas heterogéneas. Nuevas perspectivas para el estudio del español en contacto con lenguas amerindias., éd. par Santiago Sánchez Moreano et Elodie Blestel, Berlin : language science press, p. 229-266. (Contact and Multilingualism). ISBN : 978-3-96110-332-4. https://langsci-press.org/catalog/book/236.
    Résumé : Con la implementación de la Ley de Consulta Previa de los pueblos indígenas y originarios en el año 2011 en el Perú, ya no son solo migrantes internos los que promueven el contacto entre diferentes variedades del español, sino que se dinamiza el contacto de una forma potencialmente más global, simétrica y recíproca. El presente artículo analiza estas dinámicas concentrándose en los sistemas de pronombres clíticos átonos de 3a persona en el español de actores de la Consulta Previa. Estudios anteriores reconstruyeron sistemas diferentes para el español de hablantes provenientes de zonas bilingües quechua-español y hablantes monolingües de la capital, pero demuestran que, con más movilidad rural-capitalina, los hablantes andinos tienden a converger hacia el sistema capitalino monolingüe. Aquí se toman en consideración actores andinos y limeños de la Consulta Previa con diferentes grados de movilidad: comuneros locales, representantes indígenas a nivel regional y nacional, y actores limeños con vínculos más o menos intensos con hablantes provenientes de zonas bilingües quechua-hablantes. El análisis demuestra un acercamiento de los sistemas de pronombres clíticos en algunos aspectos – pero no todos – conforme aumente y se intensifique la movilidad rural-capitalina de los hablantes de ambas procedencias; en cuanto a la movilidad social, sin embargo, parece que mientras más la construcción de identidad de los hablantes andinos se apoya en la categoría institucionalmente protegida del “indígena”, más enfatizan su particularidad lingüística. Por consiguiente, el artículo argumenta que existe un uso estratégico – no necesariamente consciente – de las características lingüísticas según el contexto de comunicación. El presente estudio confirma que las prácticas lingüísticas “en el sur global” (Léglise 2017) no son homogéneas, sino que llevan las huellas de dinámicas socioculturales heteróclitas; el análisis de los pronombres clíticos en el español de contacto permite acercarse al entendimiento de las transformaciones que conlleva la implementación de la Ley de la Consulta Previa en el Perú.


  • Mora Marion, Rincon Giovanna, Bourrelly Michel, Maradan Gwenaëlle, Freire Maresca Anaenza, Michard Florence, Rouveix Elisabeth, Pannetier Julie, Leriche Diane, Alain Tristan, Yazdanpanah Yazdan, Michels David et Spire Bruno (2021) « Living conditions, HIV and gender affirmation care pathways of transgender people living with HIV in France: a nationwide, comprehensive, cross-sectional, community-based research protocol (ANRS Trans&HIV) », BMJ Open, 11 (12), p. e052691. DOI : 10/gn83fz. https://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-052691.
    Résumé : Introduction Transgender identity is poorly accepted in France, and data on living conditions and the daily difficulties transgender people encounter are scarce. This lack of data reinforces their invisibility in social life, contributes to their stigmatisation and probably increases the burden of HIV infection, especially for HIV-positive transgender people (TRHIV). The main objective of the community-based research study ANRS Trans&HIV is to identify personal and social situations of vulnerability in TRHIV, the obstacles they encounter in terms of access to and retention in medical care, and their gender affirmation and HIV care needs. Methods and analysis ANRS Trans&HIV is a national, comprehensive, cross-sectional survey of all TRHIV currently being followed in HIV care units in France. TRHIV women are exclusively included in the quantitative component, and TRHIV men in the qualitative component. Data are collected by community-based interviewers and will be analysed to explore patient care pathways and living conditions in the TRHIV population with regard to gender affirmation and HIV. Data collection began in October 2020 and should be completed in December 2021. The statistical analyses techniques used will be adapted to each of the study’s objectives and to the type of data collected (cross-sectional ( questionnaires ) and retrospective ( biographical trajectory )). The study’s results will provide a greater understanding of TRHIV health needs in order to suggest possible national recommendations for comprehensive HIV and gender affirmation medical care. Ethics and dissemination ANRS Trans&HIV was approved by Inserm’s Ethical Evaluation Committee (no 20-694 on 12 May 2020) and is registered with the National Commission on Informatics and Liberty under number 2518030720. Potential participants are informed about the study through an information note provided by their attending HIV physician. All results published in peer-reviewed journals will be disseminated to the HIV transgender community, institutional stakeholders and healthcare providers. Trial registration number NCT04849767 .
    Pièce jointe Texte intégral 389.1 ko (source)


  • Niangaly Hamidou, Ridde Valéry et Thuilliez Josselin (2021) « Introduction : repenser la santé en Afrique à l’aune de la crise sanitaire: », Revue internationale des études du développement, N° 247 (3) (novembre 10), p. 7-33. DOI : 10.3917/ried.247.0007. https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-des-etudes-du-developpement-2021-3-page-7.htm?ref=doi.


  • Njatosoa Ammy Fiadanana, Mattern Chiarella, Pourette Dolorès, Kesteman Thomas, Rakotomanana Elliot, Rahaivondrafahitra Bakoly, Andriamananjara Mauricette, Harimanana Aina, Razafindrakoto Jocelyn, Raboanary Emma, Andrianasolo Andry et Rogier Christophe (2021) « Family, social and cultural determinants of long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN) use in Madagascar: secondary analysis of three qualitative studies focused on children aged 5–15 years », Malaria Journal, 20 (1) (mars 26), p. 168. DOI : 10.1186/s12936-021-03705-2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-021-03705-2.
    Résumé : Although it is accepted that long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN) use is an effective means to prevent malaria, children aged 5 to 15 years do not appear to be sufficiently protected in Madagascar; the malaria prevalence is highest in this age group. The purpose of this research is to summarize recent qualitative studies describing LLIN use among the Malagasy people with a focus on children aged 5–15 years.
    Mots-clés : Children over five, LLIN use, Madagascar, Malaria, Sociocultural factors.


  • Ost Katarina, Duquesne Louise, Duguay Claudia, Traverson Lola, Mathevet Isadora, Ridde Valéry et Zinszer Kate (2021) « A rapid review of equity considerations in large-scale testing campaigns during infectious disease epidemics », MedRxiv (février 23), p. 2021.02.22.21252205. DOI : 10.1101/2021.02.22.21252205. https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.02.22.21252205v1.
    Résumé : Large-scale testing is an intervention that is instrumental for infectious disease control and a central tool for the COVID-19 pandemic. Our rapid review aimed to identify if and how equity has been considered in large-scale testing initiatives. Methods: We searched Web of Science and PubMed in November 2020 and followed PRISMA recommendations for scoping reviews. Articles were analyzed using descriptive and thematic analysis. Results: Our search resulted in 291 studies of which 41 were included for data extraction after full article screening. Most of the included articles (83%) reported on HIV-related screening programs, while the remaining programs focused on other sexually transmitted infections (n=3) or COVID-19 (n=4). None of the studies presented a formal definition of (in)equity in testing, however, 23 articles did indirectly include elements of equity in the program or intervention design, largely through the justification of their target population. Conclusion: The studies included in our rapid review did not explicitly consider equity in their design or evaluation. It is imperative that equity is incorporated into the design of infectious disease testing programs and serves as an important reminder of how equity considerations are needed for SARS-CoV-2 testing and vaccination programs.</p>


  • Ouedraogo Wendkouni A. S., Biau Sandrine, Bonnet Emmanuel et Ridde Valéry (2021) « Telephones in public health policy processes in sub-Saharan Africa: a scoping review », Journal of Global Health Reports (juillet 21). DOI : 10.29392/001c.24167. https://www.joghr.org/article/24167-telephones-in-public-health-policy-processes-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-scoping-review.
    Résumé : Background The telephone is being put to work in the quest for universal health coverage in sub-Saharan Africa. Multiple mobile health pilot projects are being deployed. The use of mobile technologies including citizens in the formulation, analysis, and revision of public health policies in sub-Saharan Africa is recent. This citizen m-participation could influence the democratic engagement of citizens and leaders in the planning, budgeting, and transparency of local governance processes of health systems. Methods We conducted a scoping review. A total of 995 papers were initially identified, 37 documents were finally included in the final synthesis after a review of the abstract and full text by two researchers. Results Despite multiple challenges, the social, technological, and instrumental feasibility of citizen m-participation in health decision-making processes is real. The documents highlight the contribution of m-Citizen Participation to the ongoing construction of a robust health democracy. However, government commitment and leadership for this innovation remain weak. This slows down the processes of inclusion and empowerment of patients on their health needs. Conclusions Evidence suggests that citizen m-participation is relevant to the inclusion of citizens in health decision-making processes. However, research is limited. We recommend participatory action research mechanisms focused on citizen inclusion in health decision-making processes in sub-Saharan Africa to expand the knowledge base on this innovation.
  • Passanti Cecilia (2021) « Contesting the Electoral Register during the 2019 Elections in Senegal. Why Allegations of Fraud Did not End with the Introduction of Biometrics », Jan Thorbecke Verlag, 48, p. 515-525. (FRANCIA).
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