Accueil > Références bibliographiques

Publications des membres du Ceped

2018

Livre
Article de revue


  • Baxerres Carine, Boko Ines, Konkobo Adjara, Ouattara Fatoumata et Guillaume Agnès (2018) « Abortion in two francophone African countries: a study of whether women have begun to use misoprostol in Benin and Burkina Faso », Contraception, 97 (2), p. 130-136. DOI : 10.1016/j.contraception.2017.10.011. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010782417304997.
    Résumé : Objectives This study aimed to document the means women use to obtain abortions in the capital cities of Benin and Burkina Faso, and to learn whether or not use of misoprostol has become an alternative to other methods of abortion, and the implications for future practice. Study design We conducted in-depth, qualitative interviews between 2014 and 2015 with 34 women – 21 women in Cotonou (Benin) and 13 women in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) – about their pathways to abortion. To obtain a diverse sample in terms of socio-demographic characteristics, we recruited the women through our own knowledge networks, in health facilities where women are treated for unsafe abortion complications, and in schools in Benin. Results The 34 women had had 69 abortions between them. Twenty-five of the women had had 37 abortions in the previous 5 years; the other abortions were 5–20 years before. Pathways to abortion were very different in the two cities. Lengthy and difficult pathways with unsafe methods often led to complications in Ougadougou, whereas most Cotonou women went to small, private health centers. Six of the 37 abortions in the previous 5 years involved misoprostol use, and were all among educated women with significant social and economic capital and personal contact with clinicians. Conclusions Use of misoprostol for abortion has appeared in both Cotonou and Ougadougou in the past 5 years. Evidence that the use of misoprostol for abortion occurred among women with the most access to information and resources in this study suggests that increased awareness of and use of misoprostol in both countries is likely in the coming years. Implications Although no pharmaceutical company that produces misoprostol has as yet tried to obtain marketing authorization in either Burkina Faso or Benin for gynecological-obstetric indications, making its use more potential than actual for the time being, international advocacy for access to medical abortion is growing rapidly and is likely to lead to many changes in this picture in the coming years.
    Mots-clés : Abortion care-seeking pathways, Africa, Francophone African countries, Medical abortion, Misoprostol, Unsafe abortion.


  • Cloos Patrick et Ridde Valéry (2018) « Research on climate change, health inequities, and migration in the Caribbean », The Lancet Planetary Health, 2 (1), p. e4-e5. DOI : 10.1016/S2542-5196(17)30176-6. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2542519617301766.


  • De Allegri M, Sieleunou I, Abiiro G A et Ridde Valery (2018) « How far is mixed methods research in the field of health policy and systems in Africa? A scoping review », Health Policy and Planning (janvier 19). DOI : 10.1093/heapol/czx182. http://academic.oup.com/heapol/advance-article/doi/10.1093/heapol/czx182/4818265.


  • Gosselin Anne, Desgrées du Loû Annabel et Lelièvre Eva (2018) « How to use sequence analysis for life course epidemiology? An example on HIV-positive Sub-Saharan migrants in France », Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (février 2), p. jech-2017-209739. DOI : 10/gcwbtb. http://jech.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/jech-2017-209739.
    Résumé : Background Life course epidemiology is now an established field in social epidemiology; in sociodemography, the quantitative analysis of biographies recently experienced significant trend from event history analysis to sequence analysis. The purpose of this article is to introduce and adapt this methodology to a social epidemiology question, taking the example of the impact of HIV diagnosis on Sub-Saharan migrants’ residential trajectories in the Paris region. Methods The sample consists of 640 migrants born in Sub-Saharan Africa receiving HIV care. They were interviewed in healthcare facilities in the Paris region within the PARCOURS project, conducted from 2012 to 2013, using life event history calendars, which recorded year by year their health, family and residential histories. We introduce a two-step methodological approach consisting of (1) sequence analysis by optimal matching to build a typology of migrants’ residential pathways before and after diagnosis, and (2) a Cox model of the probability to experience changes in the residential situation. Results The seven-clusters typology shows that for a majority, the HIV diagnosis did not entail changes in residential situation. However 30% of the migrants experienced a change in their residential situation at time of diagnosis. The Cox model analysis reveals that this residential change was in fact moving in with one’s partner (HR 2.99, P<0.000) rather than network rejection. Conclusion This original combination of sequence analysis and Cox models is a powerful process that could be applied to other themes and constitutes a new approach in the life course epidemiology toolbox.


  • Gosselin Anne, Desgrées du Loû Annabel, Lelièvre Eva, Lert France, Dray-Spira Rosemary, Lydié Nathalie et the Parcours Study Group (2018) « Understanding Settlement Pathways of African Immigrants in France Through a Capability Approach: Do Pre-migratory Characteristics Matter? », European Journal of Population (janvier 22). DOI : 10/gctpvw. http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10680-017-9463-z.
  • Guidi Pierre (2018) « "For Good, God, and the Empire", French Franciscan Sisters in Ethiopia 1896-1937 », History of Education.
    Résumé : In 1897, four French Franciscan sisters arrived in Ethiopia, having been summoned there by the Capuchin missionaries. In 1925, they ran an orphanage, a dispensary, a leper colony and 10 schools with 350 girl students. The students were freed slaves, orphans, and upper-class Ethiopian and European girls. After providing a brief background to the relations between the Ethiopian government and the missionaries, this article describes the general activities of the Sisters, the importance they dedicated to education, and their religious and political motives. In the second part, it analyses the sociological backgrounds of the female students and the way in which education intersected with gender, class, and race. Third, it reconstructs the multiple power relations within which the Sisters’ educational work was embedded. Finally, it demonstrates how schooling girls in a class-based manner – in conformity with the Franciscan Sisters’ perceptions about what lower-class and upper-class women should be – enabled them to secure relations with Ethiopian political elites. These relations benefited both the Ethiopian elites and furthered the cause of French imperialism.


  • Pannetier Julie, Ravalihasy Andrainolo, Lydié Nathalie, Lert France et Desgrées du Loû Annabel (2018) « Prevalence and circumstances of forced sex and post-migration HIV acquisition in sub-Saharan African migrant women in France: an analysis of the ANRS-PARCOURS retrospective population-based study », The Lancet Public Health, 3 (1), p. e16-e23. DOI : 10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30211-6. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2468266717302116.


  • Pannetier Julie, Ravalihasy Andrainolo, Lydié Nathalie, Lert France et Desgrées du Loû Annabel (2018) « Prevalence and circumstances of forced sex and post-migration HIV acquisition in sub-Saharan African migrant women in France: an analysis of the ANRS-PARCOURS retrospective population-based study », The Lancet Public Health, 3 (1), p. e16-e23. DOI : 10/gcsmm4. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2468266717302116.


  • Ravit Marion, Audibert Martine, Ridde Valéry, Loenzien Myriam de, Schantz Clémence et Dumont Alexandre (2018) « Removing user fees to improve access to caesarean delivery: a quasi-experimental evaluation in western Africa », BMJ Global Health, 3 (1), p. e000558. DOI : 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000558. http://gh.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000558.


  • Ridde Valéry, Leppert Gerald, Hien Hervé, Robyn Paul Jacob et De Allegri Manuela (2018) « Street-level workers’ inadequate knowledge and application of exemption policies in Burkina Faso jeopardize the achievement of universal health coverage: evidence from a cross-sectional survey », International Journal for Equity in Health, 17 (1). DOI : 10/gcsmm3. https://equityhealthj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12939-017-0717-5.


  • Sadoine Margaux L., Smargiassi Audrey, Ridde Valéry, Tusting Lucy S. et Zinszer Kate (2018) « The associations between malaria, interventions, and the environment: a systematic review and meta-analysis », Malaria Journal, 17 (1). DOI : 10/gcx4kv. https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12936-018-2220-x.


  • Samb Oumar Mallé et Ridde Valery (2018) « The impact of free healthcare on women's capability: A qualitative study in rural Burkina Faso », Social Science & Medicine, 197 (janvier), p. 9-16. DOI : 10/gcp322. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953617307189.
    Résumé : In March 2006, the government of Burkina Faso implemented an 80% subsidy for emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC). To complement this subsidy, an NGO decided to cover the remaining 20% in two districts of the country, making EmONC completely free for women there. In addition, the NGO instituted fee exemptions for children under five years of age in those two districts. We conducted a qualitative study in 2011 to examine the impact of these free healthcare interventions on women's capability. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 40 women, 16 members of health centre management committees, and eight healthcare workers in three health districts, as well as a documentary analysis. Results showed free healthcare helped reinforce women's capability to make health decisions by eliminating the need for them to negotiate access to household resources, which in turn helped shorten delays in health services use. Other effects were also observed, such as increased self-esteem among the women and greater respect within their marital relationship. However, cultural barriers remained, limiting women's capability to achieve certain things they valued, such as contraception. In conclusion, this study's results illustrate the transformative effect that eliminating fees for obstetric care can have on women's capability to make health decisions and their social position. Furthermore, if women's capability is to be strengthened, the results impel us to go beyond health and to organize social and economic policies to reinforce their positions in other spheres of social life.
    Mots-clés : Access, Burkina Faso, Capability, Empowerment, Free healthcare, Gender, Qualitative method, Social norms.


  • Schantz Clémence, Ravit Marion, Traoré Abou Bakary, Aboubakar Moufalilou, Goyet Sophie, Loenzien Myriam de et Dumont Alexandre (2018) « Why are caesarean section rates so high in facilities in Mali and Benin? », Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, 16, p. 10-14. DOI : 10/gctpvx. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1877575617303208.


  • Vignier Nicolas, Dray-Spira Rosemary, Bouchaud Olivier, Desgrées du Lou Annabel et Chauvin Pierre (2018) « Refusal to provide health care to sub-Saharan African migrants in France », The Lancet Public Health, 3 (1), p. e12. DOI : 10/gcp5jv. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2468266717302463.
Chapitre de livre
Rapport

2017

Livre

  • Auzanneau Michelle, Bento Margaret et Leclère Malory (2017) Espaces, mobilités et éducation plurilingues; Eclairages d'Afrique et d'ailleurs, Paris : Editions des Archives Contemporaines, 275 p. ISBN : 978281130022198.
    Résumé : Les mutations sociales contemporaines constituent de nouveaux défis pour la sociolinguistique et suscitent le renouvellement d'outils méthodologiques et conceptuels permettant de repenser les rapports entre langage et société. Cet ouvrage réunit des textes qui contribuent à relever ce défi en apportant des éléments de compréhension relatifs aux situations sociolinguistiques contemporaines et à leurs dynamiques plurilingues en lien avec la ville, la migration et l'école. Tous contribuent à revisiter les pratiques, les mobilités et l'éducation plurilingues, rendant ainsi hommage aux travaux du professeur Caroline Juillard.
    Mots-clés : éducation bilingue, mutations contemporaines, Espace, migration, mobilités, politique linguistique.

  • BOGALSKA MARTIN Ewa, FERNANDEZ-VARAS Diego, LESERVOISIER Olivier et MARTIG Alexis (2017) Itinéraires de reconnaissance. Discriminations, revendications, action politique et citoyennetés, Editions des Archives contemporaines, Paris, 258 p. ISBN : 9782813002747.

  • Boulay Sébastien et Freire Francisco (2017) Culture et politique dans l’Ouest saharien : Arts, activisme et État dans un espace de conflits, Igé : L'Etrave, 489 p. ISBN : 978-2-35992-044-4.
    Résumé : La région ouest-saharienne est aujourd’hui souvent décrite comme un espace d’instabilité politique « endémique » : sécession du Nord Mali en 2012 et renversement d’Amadou Toumani Touré, regain de tensions au Sahara Occidental où l’irrésolution du conflit s’éternise, mouvements et figures d’émancipation en Mauritanie qui dénoncent le rôle des élites politiques et religieuses dans la reproduction d’un ordre social foncièrement inégalitaire. Partant d’enquêtes de terrain récentes, cet ouvrage offre une analyse inédite de la façon dont les changements politiques actuels dans la région s’opèrent dans des univers culturels définis, examine comment les pratiques du pouvoir se redessinent avec l’émergence de nouveaux acteurs et de nouvelles technologies de communication, dévoile l’importance de l’argument culturel et des productions artistiques dans les luttes collectives. Dans une région où l’accès au terrain est souvent complexe à négocier, cet ouvrage offre de nouvelles approches des dynamiques sociopolitiques à l’œuvre, proposées par une nouvelle génération internationale de chercheurs se situant au croisement de l’anthropologie, de l’histoire, de la science politique et des études littéraires.
  • Desgrées du Loû Annabel et Lert France, ss la dir. de (2017) Parcours. Parcours de vie et de santé des Africains immigrés en France, La Découverte, Paris, 360 p. (Recherches).
    Résumé : Pourquoi et comment l’infection VIH percute-t-elle la vie des immigrés d’Afrique subsaharienne en France ? Première étude quantitative d’ampleur menée par des chercheurs et des associations au sein de cette population particulièrement touchée par le virus, l’enquête ANRS Parcours a retracé en 2012-2013 les trajectoires migratoires, sociales, administratives et de santé de ces immigrés. Elle met en relief les difficultés d’installation, les bouleversements familiaux et professionnels à l’arrivée en France, et leurs conséquences en termes de santé. Plus qu’une recherche en santé publique, Parcours est une étude sur l’immigration en provenance de cette région du monde, une immigration marquée par des années de fragilité administrative et d’insécurité au quotidien. Elle met au jour les facteurs structurels qui pèsent, souvent de façon durable, sur l’installation des immigrés en France et accroissent leurs risques d’être infectés par le VIH une fois sur place. Elle montre aussi l’importance des dispositifs qui mettent en œuvre le principe d’universalité de l’accès aux soins (AME, PASS, associations humanitaires) et la nécessité de les garantir. Car la lutte contre le sida, véritable maladie de la précarité, passe par la réduction des inégalités de santé.

  • Dia Hamidou, Hugon Clothilde et d’Aiglepierre Rohen, ss la dir. de (2017) États réformateurs et éducation arabo-islamique en Afrique, 175 p. http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=AFCO_257_0011.


  • Gaillard Jacques et Bouabid Hamid, ss la dir. de (2017) La recherche scientifique au Maroc et son internationalisation. (Ebook). ISBN : 978-3-330-86537-2. http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:101:1-201703232077.
Article de revue


  • Arenas Aquino Ángel Raúl, Matsumoto Kuwabara Yasuhiro et Kleiche-Dray Mina (2017) « Solar energy and margination. analysis of the social perception on new technologies for the articulation of an energy transition in the municipality of Nezahualcoyotl, Mexico », Revista Internacional de Contaminación Ambiental, 33 (3) (août 1), p. 449-461. DOI : 10.20937/RICA.2017.33.03.08. http://www.revistascca.unam.mx/rica/index.php/rica/article/view/RICA.2017.33.03.08/46701.
    Résumé : Nezahualcoyotl is the second largest municipality of the State of Mexico. Marginalization is a social issue of great influence on urban development. A study through social-statistical techniques was conducted in order to analyze social perception intervention in energy transition feasibility for the municipality, based on photovoltaic technology. The hypothesis scenario assumes different tendencies for people to accept new energy technologies to promote community's welfare, depending on the marginalization level. Inhabitants' social interactions were evaluated and the environmental and organization of economic perception regarding solar energy was analyzed. It was found that marginalization level, electric energy costs and new technologies knowledge are factors that influence the municipality energy transition. There is misinformation about the consequences of energy transition. The local representation of new technologies is fragile and social priorities are closely linked to household comforts.


  • Arenas-Aquino Angel Raúl, Matsumoto-Kuwabara Y. et Kleiche-Dray M. (2017) « Public policy performance for social development: solar energy approach to assess technological outcome in Mexico City Metropolitan Area », Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24 (33), p. 25571-25581. DOI : 10/gcp32x. http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11356-017-8387-9.
    Résumé : Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) is the most populated urban area in the country. In 2010, MCMA required 14.8% of total energy domestic demand, but greenhouse gas emissions accounted for 7.7% of domestic emissions. Mexico has massive renewable energy potential that could be harnessed through solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. The problem to explore is the relationship between local and federal public strategies in MCMA and their stance on energy transition concern, social empowerment, new technology appropriation, and the will to boost social development and urban sustainability. A public policy typology was conducted through instruments of State intervention approach, based on political agenda articulation and environmental local interactions. Social equality is encouraged by means of forthright funding and in-kind support and energy policies focus on non-renewable energy subsidies and electric transmission infrastructure investment. There is a lack of vision for using PV technology as a guiding axis for marginalized population development. It is essential to promote economic and political rearrangement in order to level and structure environmental governance. It is essential to understand people's representation about their own needs along with renewable energy.
    Mots-clés : Environmental governance, Marginalization, Mexican policy, Photovoltaic technology, Public strategies, Social development.

  • Auzanneau Michelle et Lambert Patricia (2017) « Parole de jeunesse : vers une meilleure prise en compte de la différenciation sociale », Glottopol, revue de sociolinguistique en ligne, 29 (juillet 2017), p. 2-12. http://glottopol.univ-rouen.fr/numero_29.html.
    Résumé : Les sciences humaines et sociales observent et analysent sous différents aspects les régimes de sens, les jeux sémiotiques et les types d’interaction impliqués dans la différenciation sociale. Quelle est la part proprement langagière de ces processus ? En quoi le langage et les langues contribuent-ils aux différences sociales ? Quelles dimensions – orales, écrites, multimodales – du langage et des langues y sont impliquées ? (…) Les études sur les façons de parler des jeunes sont abondantes depuis le début des années 1980, nombre d’entre elles ayant contribué de manière originale et novatrice au domaine. Au fil de sa récente histoire, ce dernier a néanmoins eu tendance à véhiculer, en France tout au moins, une image homogène de la jeunesse contemporaine et de ses modes de socialisation langagière. La constitution même de ce domaine, et certaines approches développées en son sein, ont en effet eu progressivement pour conséquence de négliger la diversité sociologique interne de la jeunesse et certaines formes de différenciations sociolinguistiques qui la traversent.

  • Auzanneau Michelle, Lambert Patricia et Maillard- de la Corte Gomez Nadja, ss la dir. de (2017) « Parole de jeunesse – La part angagière des différenciations sociales », Glottopol, revue de sociolinguistique en ligne, 29 (juillet 2017). http://glottopol.univ-rouen.fr/numero_29.html.
    Résumé : Les sciences humaines et sociales observent et analysent sous différents aspects les régimes de sens, les jeux sémiotiques et les types d’interaction impliqués dans la différenciation sociale. Quelle est la part proprement langagière de ces processus ? En quoi le langage et les langues contribuent-ils aux différences sociales ? Quelles dimensions – orales, écrites, multimodales – du langage et des langues y sont impliquées ? Au sein des sciences du langage, la sociolinguistique figure parmi les principales disciplines contributrices à ce champ de questionnements. Plus largement, ce sont les linguistiques de la parole qui peuvent contribuer à identifier, décrire et analyser la part langagière (Boutet, 2001) des différences sociales , à savoir les processus langagiers qui participent des dynamiques d’affiliation ou de différenciation relatives à des groupes ou des réseaux sociaux. C’est dans cette perspective que nous avons souhaité consacrer ce numéro à la place et au rôle de la parole dans des processus de différenciation sociale au sein de la jeunesse . Entendu de manière générique, le terme jeunesse réfère ici à une période de transition entre l’enfance et l’âge adulte qui, dans les sociétés occidentales, est le produit de l’allongement moyen de la durée de la scolarisation et de l’entrée dans l’ère de la post-industrialisation. Envisagée comme période de vie , la jeunesse est associée à un ensemble de pratiques sociales ou culturelles. Conçue comme catégorie , elle résulte de constructions discursives et idéologiques qui lui confèrent intelligibilité et opérationnalité.
  • Carillon Séverine et Desgrées du Lou Annabel (2017) « Sensibilisation et dépistage de la tuberculose en Seine-Saint-Denis : une offre à revoir ? », Revue Santé publique, 29 (2) (mars).

  • Chabrol Fanny, David Pierre-Marie et Krikorian Gaëlle (2017) « Rationing hepatitis C treatment in the context of austerity policies in France and Cameroon: A transnational perspective on the pharmaceuticalization of healthcare systems », Social Science & Medicine, 187 (août 1), p. 243-250. DOI : 10/gbthzp.
    Résumé : New powerful drugs against hepatitis C can cure the disease, but they are not widely distributed because their exorbitant prices are destabilizing healthcare systems in both African and European countries. This article takes access to hepatitis C treatments since 2013 in France and in Cameroon as a lens to analyze the rationing of pharmaceutical treatments in relation to recent transformations of health systems. Access to these treatments is analyzed thanks to ethnographic observation and interviews lead in Paris and Yaoundé, with patients, associations, health professionals and public health experts. In Cameroon, rationing takes place through various layers of socio-economic restrictions, and no patient organization advocates for hepatitis treatment. In France, access to hepatitis C treatments has become politicized, and collective mobilizations have denounced rationing as a threat to the promise of universal social security. In this study, we examine Africa's long experience with rationing in the context of structural adjustment, and we bring together experiences in France and Cameroon. This article analyses the phenomenon of the pharmaceuticalization of healthcare systems, that is to say the growing use of pharmaceuticals in healthcare systems, by documenting the social and political construction of scarcity. Indeed, whereas pharmaceuticalization is a concept that has often been used in situations of drugs abundance, a parallel analysis of rationing highlights a political economy of pharmaceuticals that shapes public health debates and policies according to an economy of scarcity, especially in times of austerity.
    Mots-clés : Anthropology, Austerity, Cameroon, DAA, France, hepatitis C, Pharmaceuticalization, rationing.

  • Debailly Renaud et Quet Mathieu (2017) « Passer les Science & Technology Studies en revue-s. Une cartographie du champ par ses périodiques », Revue Zilsel, 1 (1), p. 25-53. http://zilsel.hypotheses.org/2760.


  • DeBeaudrap Pierre, Beninguisse Gervais, Pasquier Estelle, Tchoumkeu Alice, Touko Adonis, Essomba Frida, Brus Aude, Aderemi Toyin Janet, Hanass-Hancock Jill, Eide Arne Henning, Mac-Seing Muriel et Mont Daniel (2017) « Prevalence of HIV infection among people with disabilities: a population-based observational study in Yaoundé, Cameroon (HandiVIH) », The Lancet HIV. DOI : 10.1016/S2352-3018(16)30209-0. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2352301816302090.

  • Debeaudrap Pierre, Fouogoe Jovanny, Petignat Patrick, Tebeu Pierre-Marie, Vassilakos Pierre et Viviano Manuela (2017) « A review of screening strategies for cervical cancer in human immunodeficiency virus-positive women in sub-Saharan Africa », International Journal of Women’s Health, 9, p. 69-79. https://www.dovepress.com/a-review-of-screening-strategies-for-cervical-cancer-in-human-immunode-peer-reviewed-article-IJWH.

  • Dia Hamidou, Hugon Clothilde et d’Aiglepierre Rohen (2017) « Le monde des écoles coraniques. Essai de typologie pour le Sénégal », Afrique contemporaine, 257 (janvier 20), p. 106-110. http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=AFCO_257_0106.

  • Dia Hamidou, Hugon Clothilde et d’Aiglepierre Rohen (2017) « États réformateurs et éducation arabo-islamique en Afrique », Afrique contemporaine, 257 (janvier 20), p. 11-23. http://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=AFCO_257_0011.

  • Duchesne Véronique (2017) « Victory ! Infertility Healed ! », Cargo, 2 (juin 30). http://www.cargo.canthel.fr/fr/les-films-de-cargo-2-victory-infertility-healed-vost/.
    Mots-clés : Côte d'Ivoire, infertilité, médecine traditionnelle, média, mobilités, stérilité.


  • Dumoulin Kervran David, Kleiche-Dray Mina et Quet Mathieu (2017) « Les STS ont-elles un Sud ?: Penser les sciences dans/avec les Suds », Revue d'anthropologie des connaissances, 11 (3), p. 423-454. DOI : 10/gcp32w. http://www.cairn.info/revue-anthropologie-des-connaissances-2017-3-page-423.htm.
    Résumé : Social studies of science (STS, science studies) have played an important role in the renewal of social sciences in the course of their institutionalisation. However, especially in France, they have paid only limited attention to the research on science done in the South. The diverse perspectives developed from/on the South would, if taken into account, broaden the discussion upon knowledge, its places and circulation. In particular, we think that postcolonial approaches provide relevant tools for this reflection and that they give the means for a more mature globalization of STS - relying on a better integration of the Global South to the science studies landscape. Our proposal is developed as such: 1) understanding why science studies have shown little interest for the South until recently, 2) analysing the processes which have enabled the move of STS to the South, 3) mapping the challenges of the "creolization" of STS that mixes post-colonial approaches with science studies approaches.
    Mots-clés : approaches, globalization, modernity, postcolonial, social studies of science, the Souths geopolitica.
  • Gerbier-Aublanc Marjorie (2017) « L'humanitaire instrumentalisé à Calais », Plein droit, 1 (112), p. 32-35.
    Résumé : En visite à Calais, le 26 septembre 2016, François Hollande con rmait le démantèlement « complet et dénitif » imminent de la jungle sans pour autant en préciser la date ni d’ailleurs les modalités de sa destruction ou le sort réservé à ses 10 000 habitants. C’est dans un double contexte d’incertitude et d’urgence que les associations humanitaires intervenant sur le terrain ont participé, plus ou moins directement, à la préparation de cette soi-disant « opération humanitaire ».


  • Gosselin Anne, Lelièvre Eva, Ravalihasy Andrainolo, Lydié Nathalie, Lert France, Desgrées du Loû Annabel et for the Parcours Study Group (2017) « "Times Are Changing": The Impact of HIV Diagnosis on Sub-Saharan Migrants’ Lives in France », PLOS ONE, 12 (1) (janvier 27), p. e0170226. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0170226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0170226.
    Résumé : Background Migrants account for 35% of HIV diagnoses in the European Union (ECDC/WHO 2014). Little is known about the impact of such a lifelong infection diagnosis on lives that are already disrupted by migration. In this paper, we assess the impact of HIV diagnosis on activity, union, well-being among African migrants living in France, the second group most affected by HIV after MSM. We compare it with the impact of the diagnosis of Hepatitis B, another lifelong infection affecting African migrants. Methods We use the ANRS PARCOURS survey, a retrospective life-event survey led in 2012–2013 in 74 health structures in Paris greater area which collected 926 life histories of Sub-Saharan migrants living with HIV and 779 with Hepatitis B. We modelled the probability year by year since 18 years of age until data collection to lose one’s activity, to experience a conjugal break up and degradation of well-being and we estimated the impact of migration and of HIV and Hepatitis B diagnoses on these probabilities, after adjustment on other factors, thanks to discrete-time logistic regressions. Results Migration entailed loss of activity and conjugal break up, though HIV diagnosis after migration did not statistically impact on these outcomes. Yet HIV diagnosis had a massive negative impact on well-being (aOR = 11.31 [4.64–27.56] for men and 5.75 [2.79–11.86] for women). This negative impact on well-being tended to diminish for persons diagnosed after 2004. The negative impact of HIV diagnosis on African migrants’ well-being seems to be attenuated in the last decade, which hints at a normalization of the subjective experience of HIV diagnosis.


  • Gourbin Catherine, Wunsch Guillaume, Moreau Lorise et Guillaume Agnès (2017) « Direct and indirect path leading to contraceptive use in urban Africa: An application to Burkina Faso, Ghana, Morocco, Senegal », Revue Quetelet/Quetelet Journal, 5 (1) (mai 2). DOI : 10/gcx74h. https://sites.uclouvain.be/ojs_quetelet/index.php/revue1/article/view/283.


  • Guilmoto Christophe Z. (2017) « Gender bias in reproductive behaviour in Georgia, Indonesia, and Vietnam: An application of the own-children method », Population Studies, 71 (3) (juin 16), p. 1-15. DOI : 10.1080/00324728.2017.1330489. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00324728.2017.1330489.
    Résumé : I present a method for estimating indicators of gender bias in reproductive behaviour, using microdata based on the own-children method. The method is first tested on a large sample from India with both birth history and household records. I then apply the method to Georgia, Indonesia, and Vietnam. My estimates demonstrate that the proportion of Georgian couples expressing a preference for sons in their fertility behaviour closely corresponds to the proportion resorting to sex selection at high parities. I show how individual Indonesian provinces provide examples of both son and daughter preference. The method also allows me to date the onset of sex imbalances at birth in Vietnam. The approach based on the own-children method therefore provides a unique tool for estimating the diversity and intensity of gender bias in reproductive behaviour.
    Mots-clés : fertility, gender bias, Georgia, India, Indonesia, own-children method, parity progression ratio, sex ratio at birth, Vietnam.
  • Guilmoto Christophe Z., Dudwick Nora, Gjonça Arjan et Rahm Laura (2017) « How Do Demographic Trends Change? The Onset of Birth Masculinization in Albania, Georgia and Vietnam in 1990–2005 », Population and Development Review.
    Résumé : While the rapid rise of the sex ratio at birth in several countries of Asia and Eastern Europe is well documented, the conditions surrounding its onset are poorly understood. Was the increase a response to factors determining prenatal sex selection or was it triggered by more contingent events? In this paper, we examine in depth the timing of the rise in the sex ratio at birth in Albania, Georgia and Vietnam in 1990-2005, three countries characterized by different social, political and economic conditions during the two decades under study. We take advantage of unique microdata to identify turning points in birth masculinity trends in each of these countries. Thus, the rise in the SRB appears to have clearly started in January 1992 in Georgia, during the first trimester of 1997 in Albania, and in August 2003 in Vietnam. We relate the onset of birth masculinization to various contextual events such as economic and political crisis, significant policy changes and fertility decline. The paper concludes with a discussion on the respective role of triggers of instant demographic change and of more structural factors affecting reproductive choices.

  • Hadj Laure, Desgrées du Loû Annabel, Dupont Jean et Vinh-Kim Nguyen (2017) « Acceptabilité et freins chez les populations africaines et caribéennes vivant en Île-de-France d’une nouvelle offre de prévention du VIH : le Truvada® en prophylaxie pré-exposition (PrEP). Une enquête exploratoire », Bull Epidémiol Hebd., 6, p. 110-114. http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2017/6/pdf/2017_6_2.pdf.


  • Horii Naoko, Allman James, Martin-Prével Yves et Waltisperger Dominique (2017) « Determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding in rural Niger: cross-sectional study of community based child healthcare promotion », International Breastfeeding Journal, 12 (1). DOI : 10.1186/s13006-017-0134-9. http://internationalbreastfeedingjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13006-017-0134-9.


  • Inghels Maxime, Coffie Patrick et Larmarange Joseph (2017) « Recours aux soins de santé globale et de santé sexuelle et reproductive, chez les étudiants de l’université Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire », Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 65 (5) (septembre), p. 369-379. DOI : 10.1016/j.respe.2017.04.059. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0398762017304492.
    Résumé : RésuméPosition du problème En Côte d’Ivoire, peu de documents renseignent sur les besoins en santé et les barrières d’accès aux soins chez les jeunes. Cette étude cherchait à mesurer et à décrire l’offre de soins, les besoins et les freins au recours aux soins, en particulier en santé sexuelle et reproductive, et l’acceptabilité d’une visite médicale à la rentrée universitaire, chez les étudiants de l’université Houphouët-Boigny, à Abidjan. Méthodes L’étude était une enquête transversale représentative des étudiants de 2e année sélectionnés par un sondage aléatoire équiprobable à deux degrés. Résultats Au total, 543 étudiants (322 hommes et 221 femmes) ont été interrogés (98,4 % de participation). Parmi les étudiantes ayant déjà eu des relations sexuelles, 38,4 % (IC95 % [30,5 %–47,0 %]) avaient des besoins non satisfaits en matière de contraception et 31,2 % (IC95 % [23,7 %–40,0 %] avaient déjà vécu une grossesse non désirée. La peur d’effets indésirables sur la fertilité était le principal motif de non utilisation des méthodes contraceptives hormonales qui étaient les méthodes contraceptives les plus désirées chez les étudiants. Les principaux problèmes de santé déclarés par les étudiants étaient le paludisme (54,3 %), les infections respiratoires (44,6 %), les problèmes de constipation (28,0 %) et les troubles psychologiques (25,9 %). La principale barrière d’accès au centre de santé de l’université était la perception du coût élevé de ses services malgré leur gratuité, ce qui traduit des problèmes de visibilité sur cette offre et ses prestations. La majorité des étudiants étaient favorables à l’instauration d’une visite médicale lors de l’entrée à l’université. Conclusion L’instauration d’une visite médicale permettrait d’améliorer la visibilité de l’offre du centre de santé universitaire et pourrait proposer les services suivants pour compléter au mieux l’offre de santé universitaire actuelle : i) dépistage du VIH, des chlamydiae et de la gonorrhée ; ii) dépistage et vaccination du virus hépatique B ; iii) mise à disposition d’information concernant les méthodes contraceptives ; iv) présentation de l’offre de santé sur l’université. L’aménagement d’espaces où les étudiants puissent avoir accès à une information sur certaines thématiques de santé (sexualité, nutrition, dépression) pourrait aussi compléter l’offre de santé universitaire. AbstractBackground In Ivory Coast, little is known about health needs and health access barriers among young people. The aim of this study was to describe health provision, health needs and barriers when seeking medical care, with an emphasis on sexual and reproductive health, and the acceptability of a medical examination for students attending their first year at the Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Methods We conducted a representative cross-sectional study among second year students who were selected by two-stage equiprobable random sampling. In-depth interviews were conducted among students and the university health center staff. Results Five hundred and forty three students (322 men and 221 women) answered a questionnaire (participation rate 98.4%). Among women who ever had sex, 38.4% (95%CI [30.5%–47.0%]) had unmet contraception needs and 31.2% [23.7%–40.0%] had experienced an unwanted pregnancy. Fear about impaired fertility was the leading reason for non-use of hormonal contraception, the method of choice among most students. The main health problems among students, by order of frequency were malaria (54.3%), respiratory infection (44.6%), constipation (28.0%) and psychological problems (25.9%). High cost perception of services offered, despite their gratuity, were the main barriers against access to the university health center, indicating a lack of communication about this structure and its services. The majority of students favored the establishment of a medical examination during the first year at the university. Conclusion Establishing a medical examination would improve health center visibility. The following services could be offered: (i) HIV, chlamydia and gonorrhea screening, (ii) hepatitis B virus screening and vaccination, (iii) provision and information about contraceptive methods, (iv) presentation of the university health center services. Dedicated spaces where students could have access to information about health-related topics (e.g. sexuality, nutrition, depression) could complete the university's healthcare offer.
    Mots-clés : Accès aux méthodes contraceptives, Accès aux soins, Contraception, ésJeunes, Étudiants, Health services accessibility, Intervention en santé, Reproductive health, Santé sexuelle et reproductive, Students, Young adult.


  • Inghels Maxime, Niangoran Serge, Minga Albert, Yoboue Jean Michel, Dohoun Lambert, Yao Abo, Eholié Serge, Anglaret Xavier et Danel Christine (2017) « Missed opportunities for HIV testing among newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire », PLOS ONE, 12 (10) (octobre 4), p. e0185117. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0185117. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0185117.
    Résumé : Background HIV testing is crucial for starting ART earlier in HIV-infected people. We describe Missed Opportunities (MO) for HIV testing among adults newly diagnosed with HIV in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. Methods Between april,2nd 2013 and april 1st 2014, a cross-sectional study was conducted among all adults newly diagnosed (< 1year) for HIV at the Blood Donors Medical Center of Abidjan with face to face questionnaire. An MO for HIV testing was defined as a medical consultation for a clinical indicator (e.g. symptoms, hospitalization, and pregnancy) or a non-clinical indicator (e.g. high-risk sexual behavior, HIV-infected partner) potentially related to an HIV infection but did not lead to HIV test proposal by a health care professional. Results Of the 341 patients who attended the center suring this period, 273 (157 women and 116 men) were included in this analysis. 130 (47.6%) reported at least one medical consultation for an indicator relevant for a test proposal between 1 month and five years prior to their diagnosis. Among them, 92 (77.3%) experienced at least one MO for testing. The 273 included patients reported a total of 216 indicators; 146 (67.6%) were reported without test proposal and thus were MO. Hospitalization, extreme lose of weight, chronic or repeat fever and herpes zoster were the indicators with the largest number of MO. While 66 (24.2%) patients experienced non-clinical indicators relevant to risk of HIV infection, only 11 (4.0%) mentioned it to a health professional. Conclusion MO for HIV testing are frequent, even in situations for which testing is clearly recommended. Better train healthcare professionals and creating new opportunities of testing inside and, outside of medical settings are crucial to improve HIV control.
    Mots-clés : Hemoglobin, HIV, HIV clinical manifestations, HIV diagnosis and management, HIV epidemiology, HIV infections, Pregnancy, Women's health.

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