Publications des membres du Ceped


  • Tafuro Sara (2020) « An Economic Framework for Persisting Son Preference: Rethinking the Role of Intergenerational Support », Population Research and Policy Review (juillet 10). DOI : 10.1007/s11113-020-09594-8.
    Résumé : Son preference drives pre- and post-natal discrimination of daughters in many countries. It surprisingly survives in societies undergoing rapid transformation, and its correlates are not fully understood, particularly in the socio-economic sphere. This paper reviews the old-age security motive for son preference and proposes a new framework for this rationale. We argue that in patrilocal contexts, son preference survives where informal economic institutions (community and especially the family) persist as primary safety nets against various instances of income uncertainty, making up for the inefficiencies of state and market (formal institutions). This hypothesis is tested through a cross-country statistical analysis of ecological correlates of pre- and post-natal discrimination. Results confirm that, while son preference expresses through daughters' neglect in more traditional societies, it endures through prenatal selection in contexts of improving living standards and, at the same time, strong reliance on network solidarity and informal insurance strategies. In support of these findings, we briefly review the main country-cases of sex selection, namely South Korea, China, Vietnam, India and the South Caucasian region.

  • Tafuro Sara et Guilmoto Christophe Z. (2020) « Skewed sex ratios at birth: A review of global trends », Early Human Development, 141 (février), p. 104868. DOI : 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2019.104868.
    Résumé : Several cultures in the world traditionally favor the birth of sons over that of daughters. This preference drives various forms of discrimination against female births ultimately reflected in demographic imbalances. Over the last decades, modern reproductive technology has made prenatal diagnosis widely accessible to parents. In certain Asian and Eastern European countries, this has led to skewed sex ratio at birth (SRB) as a result of sex-selective abortions. After reviewing motivations and circumstances associated to prenatal sex selection, our paper analyzes global trends in sex imbalances at birth as well as their parity, regional and socio-economic differentials. We focus our attention on the experience of Azerbaijan, India, and South Korea as instances of three distinct SRB trajectories. Finally, we discuss scenarios concerning the future of these sex imbalances and the implications of a consistent number of "missing women" for affected societies.



  • Guilmoto Christophe Z. et Tafuro Sara (2017) Trends in the Sex Ratio at Birth in Georgia - An Overview Based on the 2014 General Population Census Data, Tbilisi : National Statistics Office of Georgia United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Office in Georgia, 75 p.

  • Guilmoto Christophe Z. et Tafuro Sara (2017) Დაბადებისას სქესთა რაოდენობრივი თანაფარდობის ტენდენციები საქართველოში 2014 წლის მოსახლეობის საყოველთაო აღწერის შედეგებზე დაფუძნებული მიმოხილვა, Tbilisi : National Statistics Office of Georgia United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Office in Georgia, 102 p.
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